P. Hainke, D. Kappe, A. Hütten
Universität Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany
As the importance of nanoparticles is growing more and more, controlling and understanding the properties of nanoparticles became a focus of research. In this field Meyer at al.  are researching the GMR effect in granular gels to develop magnetoresistive sensors. The GMR in granular gels is simulated to investigate the physical processes in those systems. As soon as the models coincide with ...
R. Samso, N. Forquet, P. Molle, J. Garcia
Department of Hydraulic, Maritime and Environmental Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya-BarcelonaTech, Barcelona, Spain
IRSTEA, Freshwater Systems, Ecology and Pollution Research Unit, Villeurbanne, France
Horizontal-Flow Constructed Wetlands (HFCWs) are a particular type of biofilter, and as such they rely mostly on the activity of bacterial communities to treat wastewater. Bacterial growth in HFCWs induces dramatic changes in its hydraulic and hydrodynamic behaviour (bioclogging), which may eventually result in overland flow of wastewater. Consequently, clogging is the main cause of premature ...
S. Landa, A. Bardenstein
Danish Technological Institute, Taastrup, Denmark
Upon operation, the magnetron of a conventional microwave oven induces a pattern of standing electromagnetic waves in the oven cavity. Interactions with the field define the amount of energy absorbed in a part of a food object within the cavity. The well-known inhomogeneous heating produced in a microwave oven is partially an effect of the standing waves’ natural nodes and antinodes and ...
M. Miliani, F. Piccagli, C. Silvestro
Medtronic Invatec S.p.A., Roncadelle, Italy
Introduction: Chronic arterial hypertension (HTN) is a pathological condition characterized by prolonged high level of arterial blood pressure causing major damages to several human body apparata. Renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) has been found to effectively reduce systemic blood pressure. Metallic electrodes can be placed on an endovascular device connected to external radio frequency (RF) ...
N. Manivannan, W. Balachandran
Brunel University, Uxbridge, UK
Design of Microwave Resonance Cavity (MRC) to generate non-thermal plasma to treat NOx and SOx from marine diesel engine is presented in this paper. Microwave frequency of 2.45GHz is used generate the required plasma. A number of wave guides are used to transfer the microwave energy into to MRC from the microwave source. COMSOL multi-physics software is used to model the waveguides and to ...
I. Zabkov , V. Klimov, A. Pavlov, D. Guzatov
All-Russia Research Institute of Automatics (VNIIA), Moscow, Russia
Yanka Kupala State University of Grodno, Grodno, Belarus
As it is known nano-sized emitters (such as atoms, quantum dots and point defects in diamonds) interaction with nano-environment leads to drastic changes of their decay rate and therefore lifetime (Purcell effect). To calculate the influence in general one needs to solve equations of quantum electrodynamics. However in weak interaction limit these emitters can be considered as point electric ...
S. Aissani, L. Guendouz
CRM2, Institut Jean Barriol, University of Lorraine, Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France
Mesures et architectures électroniques, University of Lorraine, Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France
Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (RQN) is a radio frequency (RF) spectroscopic technique that is used to detect quadrupole nuclei such as Nitrogen-14. NQR was found to be a good candidate for detecting narcotics, explosives and medicines . However, due to its low sensitivity the use of NQR is still limited. One way to increase the sensitivity is to improve the RF coil by means of a better RF ...
N. H. Elabbasi, M. J. Hancock, S. B. Brown
Veryst Engineering, LLC, Needham, MA, USA
Wear is a complex phenomenon relevant to many problems involving frictional contact, such as mechanical brakes, seals, metal forming, and orthopedic implants. The rate of wear depends on the properties of the contacting materials and operating conditions. One widely used model of wear is Archard’s law, which relates the rate of material removal due to wear to the contact pressure, sliding ...
L. Wright, G. Memoli, P. Jones, E. Stride
National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, UK
University College London, London, UK
University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Understanding the interactions between microbubbles and surfaces is key to the successful deployment of microbubbles in a range of applications. Two important examples are their use as a drug delivery mechanism, and their potential use of acoustically-driven bubbles as microscale sensors. Drug delivery with bubbles involves sonication at high frequency close to a boundary, and sensing with ...
Analysis of the Electrochemical Removal of Aluminum Matrix Composites Using Multiphysics Simulation - new
M. Hackert-Oschätzchen, N.Lehnert, M. Kowalick, G. Meichsner, A. Schubert[1,2]
Professorship Micromanufacturing Technology, Technische Universität Chemnitz, Chemnitz, Germany
Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
In the Collaborative Research Centre 692 at TU Chemnitz several academic institutions work on aluminum matrix composites (AMCs). These materials consist of an aluminum matrix, which is reinforced by SiC or Al2O3 particles with dimensions less or equal 1 µm. One main task is finishing machining of AMCs by electrochemical machining (ECM). The goals are depending on the application whether to ...