C. Del Vecchio, G. Agapito, G. Tomassi, and E. De Santis
National Institute for Astrophysics, Arcetri Astrophysical Observatory, Firenze, Italy
University of Cassino, Cassino, Italy
The next-generation of Extremely Large Telescopes adaptive optics systems require high-order, long-stroke, quite large deformable mirrors. Higher forces and greater actuator densities than the ones provided by the current technology are needed, still maintaining the severe accuracy and bandwidth requests. Based on a very simple magnetic circuit, providing a compact device, the VRALA actuator ...
Laser Interstitial Thermo Therapy (LITT) for Prostate Cancer Animal Model: Numerical Simulation of Temperature and Damage Distribution
M.F. Marqa, P. Colin, P. Nevoux, S. Mordon, and N. Betrouni
University of Lille, CHRU, Lille, France
Laser interstitial thermotherapy (LITT) is a cancer treatment technique in which laser fibers are introduced inside the tumor. While it destroys deep tumors, the LITT procedure allows minimizing the impact on adjacent healthy structures. One of the effective methods to perform treatment planning for LITT is simulation. We used COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate the heat distribution and thermal ...
A. Gerisch, S. Tiburtius, Q. Grimal, and K. Raum
Technische Universität Darmstadt, Germany
Université Pierre et Marie Curie Paris VI, France
Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany
Musculoskeletal mineralised tissues (MMTs), like bone or tendon, are a prime example of naturally occuring, hierarchically structured material. They display a great variety in mechanical function but are all based on essentially the same building block: the mineralised collagen fibril (100 nanometer in diameter). This building block is arranged in various spatial structures across many length ...
E. Madieta, V. Piron, A. Flament, J.P. L’Huillier, and E. Mehinagic
PRES L’UNAM, ESA, Grappe, Angers, France
ENSAM Paristech, Angers, France
Since the invention of laser sources, understanding the interaction between the laser and biological tissues is a subject of great importance because of their medical applications in particular for diagnostic purposes. They recently found a growing interest in the sector of the arboriculture to check the fruits quality in a non-destructive way. In this work, we study the interaction between the ...
C. Touvrey, and P. Namy
CEA Valduc, France
The aim of the study is to predict the formation of porosities in the case of spot laser welding of tantalum. During the interaction, a deep and narrow cavity, called the keyhole, is generated. At the end of the interaction, surface tension provokes the collapse of the keyhole. Gas bubble can then be trapped into the melting pool, and give birth to residual porosities, according to the ...
Rapid Control Prototyping for the Production of Functionally Graded Materials with Tailored Microstructural Properties Utilizing Comsol Multiphysics
J. Clobes[1,2], H.-J. Watermeier, M. Alsmann, H. H. Becker, and K. Steinhoff
University of Kassel - Chair of Metal Forming Technology, Kassel, Germany
Volkswagen AG, Kassel, Germany
Within the field of hot metal bulk forming the demand arises for fully three-dimensionally tailored properties at the microstructural level, nevertheless, reaching a predefined geometry with such tailored properties puts high requirements on the control mechanisms utilized in the process chain for combined heating, metal forming, and cooling processes. A simulation based rapid control ...
S. Carcangiu, B. Cannas, M. Usai, and G. Concu
Department of Electric and Electronic Engineering, Cagliari, Italy
Department of Structural and Infrastructural Engineering and Geomatics, Cagliari, Italy
An experimental program has been developed, with the purpose of evaluating the reliability in building diagnosis and characterization of an integrated analysis of several parameters, associated with acoustic waves propagating through the material. The Direct Transmission Technique has been applied. In this paper we developed a numerical model using the Transient Acoustics-Piezoelectric ...
F. Frezza, P. Nocito, and E. Stoja
Department of Information Engineering, Electronics and Telecommunications, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
MISE, Communication Department, ISCOM, Rome, Italy
We investigate and compare the characteristics of the fundamental guided mode sustained by a subwavelength plasmonic slot waveguide for three types of metals: gold, silver and aluminium. This is done in terms of mode effective index, propagation length, confinement and, as the mode under study is quasi-TEM, we also develop a transmission line model that can be useful in the design of optical ...
Heat Loss Evaluation of an Experimental Set-up for Predicting the Initial Stage of the Boiling Curve for Water at low Pressure
K. T. Witte, F. Dammel, L. Schnabel, and P. Stephan
Fraunhofer Institut Solare Energiesysteme - Department of Thermal Systems and Buildings, Freiburg, Germany
Technische Universität Darmstadt - Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Darmstadt, Germany
In this paper heat losses and gains are assessed for a specific measuring set-up improving the validity of performance data to accurately predict the initial stage of a boiling curve. Simulation focus on achieving results predicting real measuring data of a plain surface structure. Therefore, the relevant components of the measuring set-up have been implemented in a 2-D axisymmetric model ...
D. Hu, F. Zhang, H. Zhou, and J. Shao
LML, UMR8107, CNRS, University of Lille I, Lille, France
School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan, China
State Key Laboratory of Geomechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China
A lixiviation-mechanical coupled model is developed for fiber reinforced concrete within this framework; both the influence of chemical degradation on short and long term mechanical behavior and the influence of mechanical loading on the diffusion coefficient can be considered. The elastic mechanical properties are written as function of chemical damage. A Drucker–Prager typed criterion with ...