Electro-Thermal Modeling of High Power Light Emitting Diodes Based on Experimental Device Characterization
T. Lopez, and T. Margalith
Philips Research, Aachen, Germany
Philips Lumileds Lighting Company, San Jose, CA, USA
This paper presents a 3D finite element model in COMSOL for the electro-thermal analysis of high power light emitting diodes (LEDs). The proposed model and implementation approach require basic electrical and optical parameters that may be experimentally derived with the aid of advanced post-processing techniques. Extensive experimental validation reveals the capability of the model to ...
J. E. Toney
Pennsylvania State University Electro-Optics Center, Freeport, Pennsylvania, USA
We demonstrate the use of Comsol Multiphysics with Matlab to model signal generation in wide-bandgap semiconductor radiation detectors. A quasi-hemispherical detector design is compared with a simple, planar detector. Results show that the quasi-hemispherical design can simply and effectively compensate for the poor hole transport of most compound semiconductor materials.
Senior Materials Scientist, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center
A scientific hypothesis states that cryogenic trapped water is just under the surface of lunar soil at the poles in permanently shadowed craters. Microwave energy can be used to efficiently extract this water from permafrost. COMSOL permits calculation of the heating of simulated lunar soil using measured temperature dependent dielectric properties. Calculations at different microwave ...
Experimentally Matched Finite Element Modeling of Thermally Actuated SOI MEMS Micro-Grippers Using COMSOL Multiphysics
M. Guvench, and J. Crosby
University of Southern Maine, Gorham, Maine, USA
In “Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems” shortly known as MEMS, one of the most important and effective principle of creating transduction of electrical power to displacement force is thermal expansion. A slim beam of MEMS material, typically Silicon, is heated by the application of electrical current via Joule heating; it expands and creates motion. In the design of many MEMS devices ...
P. Krastev, and B. Tracey
Neurometrix, Inc., Waltham, Massachusetts, USA
Nerve localization is important for applications in regional anesthesia. Localization is achieved by stimulating the nerve with an electric field produced by a current from a needle inserted into the body of the patient, close to the target nerve. Modeling of the electric field in close proximity to the nerve may help to explain observed variations in threshold currents and can help to ...
High Coupling Factor Piezoelectric Materials for Bending Actuators: Analytical and Finite Elements Modeling Results
I.A. Ivan, M. Rakotondrabe, and N. Chaillet
FEMTO-ST Institute, University of Franche-Comte, Besançon, France
New giant piezoelectric factor materials such as PMN-PT and PZN-PT were researched during the last decade and are actually becoming commercially available. As they seem very attractive for actuator designs, we studied their potential in replacing PZT ceramics. In a first comparative approach, we tested a series of classic rectangular composite bimorph structures of different combinations of ...
Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Multiphysics optimization of thermal-fluid systems is an emerging area of interest with application to the development of high performance cooling technologies for electronic systems. This paper builds on previous work focused on the development of a computational platform for numerical optimization. Specifically, a sample optimized topology is briefly described, and the final result is ...
G. Jehle, D. Kern, and W. Seemann
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany
This paper proposes the design of a 3-Degree of Freedom(DoF) motor based on surface acoustic waves in elastic solids. The rotor is propelled by wave fields, for linear and rotational motion respectively, in the stator, that can be steered by the driving signal of the piezoelectric actuators, which are placed on an elastic plate. The next considerations concern the feasibility of the proposed ...
A. Chanda, A.R. Choudhury, G. Ray, K. Dasgupta, and D. Nag
Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Atherosclerosis in arteries is caused by the formation of stenosis : fatty depositions, on the artery wall. In current medicine, the practice is to observe the maximum percentage occlusion at any arbitrary cross-section and diagnose the patient on that basis, which might not always present the real picture due to non-uniformity of the stenosis thickness. The present work attempts to simulate the ...
Fudan University, Shanghai, China
COMSOL Multiphysics is a powerful tool in theoretical study. Lei Zhou, Jiping Huang and other professors in Physics Department, Fudan University have achieved some exciting results of soft, tunable metamaterials. We use it to study non-equilibrium behavior of rhoeological (ER) fluids and polar molecule dominated rheological (PM-ER) fluids. Numerical solutions using the Onsager’s principle would ...