Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Reactor Design Improvements for a Propane Autothermal Reformer by Simulation of Momentum Flow

F. Cipitì, L. Pino, A. Vita, M. Laganà, and V. Recupero
CNR-ITAE, Messina

The paper presents a two-dimensional model to describe the gas flow in a propane autothermal reactor, developed at the CNR-ITAE Institute, and aimed to design a Beta 5 kWe hydrogen generator, named HYGen II, to be used with Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells (PEFCs) for residential applications. The main aim of the mathematical model was to optimize the reactor geometrical key parameters (diameter ...

Analysis of Electrical Phenomena Occurring in Thermally Assisted Mechanical Dewatering Processes

A. Mahmoud, A. Fernandez, and P. Arlabosse
Ecole des Mines d’Albi Carmaux, Albi

The so-called opposite electrode pair measurement strategy is adapted in a filtration/expression cell filled with a model material packed bed. In this paper, we investigate the electrical properties of a packed bed, with particular emphasis on its overall conductivity. As a special case study we treat potassium chloride solutions, using model materials of different particle sizes.

Modeling of Different Shaped Micro-Cantilevers Used as Chemical Sensors

G. Louarn, M. Collet, and S. Cuenot
Institut des Matériaux Jean Rouxel, Nantes

In this work, we present the modeling of V-shaped silicon micro-cantilevers. The sensitivity of different V-shaped silicon cantilevers is estimated, as a function of the geometrical dimensions of the cantilever.

Image-Based Simulation of Electrical Impedance Techniques Applied on the Human Thorax for Cardio-Pulmonary Applications

F.K. Hermans[1], R.M. Heethaar[1], R.T. Cotton[2], and A. Harkara[2]

[1]VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
[2]Simpleware Ltd., Exeter, United Kingdom

For medical diagnostic purposes there is an increasing need for non- (or minimal) invasive techniques to measure all kinds of parameters that can provide insight in the functioning of cells, organs or organ systems. Currently, Impedance Cardiography (ICG) is used for measurements of the heart and Electric Impedance Tomography (EIT) is used for investigating lung tissue condition. This paper ...

Hydro-Mechanical Response of Sedimentary Rocks of Southern Ontario to Past Glaciations

O. Nasir[1], M.Fall[1], T.S. Nguyen[1,2], and E. Evgin[1]
[1]Department of Civil Engineering, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
[2]Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

The last glacial cycle in the Northern Hemisphere started approximately 120,000 year ago. During that cycle, Southern Ontario was buried under a continental ice cap, with a maximum thickness of up to 3km. The ice cap retreated approximately 10,000 years ago. The COMSOL Multiphysics code is used to model the physical processes of the impact of past glaciations on the evolution of hydraulic system ...

COMSOL Multiphysics Modeling of Rotational Resonant MEMS Sensors with Electrothermal Drive

S. Nelson[1], and M. Guvench[1]
[1]University of Southern Maine, Gorham, Maine, USA

COMSOL Multiphysics is employed to model, simulate and predict the performance of a high Q, in-plane rotational resonating MEMS sensor. The resonating sensor disk is driven by thermal expansion and contraction of the support tethers due to AC joule heating. The resonant frequency is sensed by stationary contacts. For cost reduction, the relatively simple, low cost SOIMUMPS fabrication process is ...

Experimentally Matched Finite Element Modeling of Thermally Actuated SOI MEMS Micro-Grippers Using COMSOL Multiphysics

M. Guvench[1], and J. Crosby[1]
[1]University of Southern Maine, Gorham, Maine, USA

In “Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems” shortly known as MEMS, one of the most important and effective principle of creating transduction of electrical power to displacement force is thermal expansion. A slim beam of MEMS material, typically Silicon, is heated by the application of electrical current via Joule heating; it expands and creates motion. In the design of many MEMS devices ...

Using a Linux Cluster for Parallel Simulations of an Active Magnetic Regenerator Refrigerator

T.F. Petersen, N. Pryds, and A. Smith
Risø National Laboratory, Fuel Cells and Solid State Chemistry Department, Roskilde

The Magnetic Refrigerator (MR) is a special type of refrigerator with potential to reduce the energy consumption of household refrigeration by a factor of two or more. To conduct numerical analysis of an experimental MR, a mathematical model was developed. The model solves the coupled Navier-Stokes and heat transfer equations which describe the physical phenomenon occurring within the MR. To ...

A Tool for Studying the Ecology of Hydrosystems

D. Peyrard[1], Ph. Vervier[1], S. Sauvage[1], J.M. Sánchez-Pérez[1], and M. Quintard[2]
[1] Laboratoire d’Ecologie des Hydrosystèmes, Toulouse
[2] Institut de Mécanique des Fluides de Toulouse

The hyporheic zone is defined as an area where water and matter exchange through the sand, gravel, sediments and other permeable soils under and beside streams. Its impact on the hydro-system function is determined by the proportion of subsurface biogeochemical reactions and the fluxes of water exchanging with the hyporheic zone and flowing through the porous sediments. The objective of our ...

Magnetic Liquids for Lab-on-a-chip and Rapid Diagnostics Applications

H. Köser
Yale University

In this presentation we outline our recent work on Magnetic Liquids, and the great number of application areas these are used. Ferrofluids are nanometer sized magnetic particles, covered by a surfactant, suspended in a carrier medium compatible with the surfactant material. Ferrofluids are applicable to a great and ever increasing number of application areas, such as: • Liquid Seals and ...

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