A. N. Kolborg ,
 Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark
This project makes a first attempt at modelling fluid flow over shark skin on a microscopic level. The modeled fluid flow shows good agreement with theory. Further refinement of the model parameters holds promises of better understanding of this complex fluid flow phenomenon. The COMSOL Multiphysics® model was evaluated against micro particle image velocimetry measurements of the same flow ...
Numerical Simulation of Kinetic Interface Sensitive Tracer in Experiment with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software
F. Sun , A. Tatomir , F. Maier , M. Sauter 
 University of Goettingen, Goettingen, Lower Saxony, Germany
 Comsol Multiphysics GmbH, Goettingen, Lower Saxony, Germany
The kinetic interface-sensitive tracers (KIS tracers) are used to give a partial picture of the spreading, mixing and plume migration of supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) in the deep saline aquifer by estimating the interfacial areas between scCO2 and brine during the injection of scCO2. To get a better understanding of the KIS tracer reaction and transport processes in the two-phase flow ...
M. Vutukuru , J. Christopher , B. Goldberg [1,2], D. Bishop [1,2,3], A. Swan [1,2,3]
 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA
 Department of Physics, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA
 Division of Material Science Engineering, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA
Graphene, a single layer of carbon atoms, has demonstrated extremely high electric and thermal conductivities, tensile strength, and is therefore an exciting novel building block in the world of 2D flexible electronics. We propose the integration of graphene with MEMS devices to investigate the strain dependence on graphene material properties, such as electrical and thermal conductivity, index ...
Influence of Non-Newtonian Blood Viscosity on Wall Pressure in Right Coronary Arteries with Serial Stenoses
B. Liu 
 Monmouth University, West Long Branch, NJ, USA
Three dimensional mathematical models are developed to simulate the blood flows in patient specific right coronary arteries with two stenoses. Simulations are carried out with various flow parameters under physiological conditions. Both Newtonian and non-Newtonian blood viscosity models are applied in the simulations to examine the influence of non-Newtonian viscosity of blood on the wall ...
Coupled Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) for Prediction of Thermal-hydraulic Performance of Plate-fin-tube Heat Exchangers
W. Yaici , E. Entchev 
 Renewable Energy, Heat and Power Laboratory, CanmetENERGY Research Centre, Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
Plate fin-tube heat exchangers are used extensively in heating, ventilating, and air conditioning, process engineering, and refrigeration systems. They have a high degree of surface compactness. Substantial heat transfer enhancement is obtained as a result of the periodic starting and development of boundary layers over interrupted channels formed by the fins and their dissipation in the fin ...
Advancing Regulatory Science through Integrative Engineering with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Modeling
G. Zhang 
 Department of Bioengineering, Institute for Biological Interfaces of Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) faces significant challenges in its regulatory approval processes due to a lack of relevant science, and many practices are limited by laws enacted in the previous century . Therefore, in recent years, the FDA has identified the need for advancements in regulatory science and innovation. In a broader sense, advancing regulatory science is not just ...
E. R. Blatchley, and B.Z. Sun
Department of Civil Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Mineral precipitation on to the quartz surface of the lamp jackets in UV disinfection process (fouling) has been recognized as a major problem for UV radiation delivery during disinfection operation. Fouling behavior was observed to be induced thermally and influenced by hydraulic character of the UV disinfection configuration. Fouling process involves momentum, heat, and mass transport within ...
L. Moro, F. Lugli, and F. Zerbetto
Department of Chemistry “G. Ciamician”, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
Rotaxanes are a class of molecules recently developed in laboratory that have been heralded as possible molecular motors. The motor is constituted by a linear molecule (thread) and a ring-shaped molecule (macrocycle), which is free to move along the thread, switching between two, or more, energetically stable interaction points (stations). Molecular motors start their functioning far from ...
A. Haas, M. Scholle, A. Aksel, H.M. Thompson, R.W. Hewson, and P.H. Gaskell
Department of Applied Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany
School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom
Heat transfer in a plane shear flow configuration consisting of two infinitely long parallel plates is considered. In laminar flows over undulated substrates eddies can be generated due to the kinematical constraints. A closed form analytical solution for the velocity field, based on lubrication theory as well as a semi-analytic solution for the temperature field is derived for the creeping ...
C. Siegel, G. Bandlamudi, N. van der Schoot, and A. Heinzel
Zentrum für BrennstoffzellenTechnik GmbH, Duisburg, Germany
Institut für Energie- und Umweltverfahrenstechnik, University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
Accurate bipolar-plate and flow-field layout is one crucial task for optimizing fuel cells. These cell components perform several functions, including charge transport or gas and water transport throughout the cell just to name a few. Overall, the design depends on the fuel cell application or the geometrical size of the assembly. The requirements for a flow-field used in a high temperature ...