D. Peyrard, Ph. Vervier, S. Sauvage, J.M. Sánchez-Pérez, and M. Quintard
 Laboratoire d’Ecologie des Hydrosystèmes, Toulouse
 Institut de Mécanique des Fluides de Toulouse
The hyporheic zone is defined as an area where water and matter exchange through the sand, gravel, sediments and other permeable soils under and beside streams. Its impact on the hydro-system function is determined by the proportion of subsurface biogeochemical reactions and the fluxes of water exchanging with the hyporheic zone and flowing through the porous sediments. The objective of our ...
Simulation and in-situ Investigation of the Water Transport in the Porous Layers of Hydrogen Operated PEM Fuel Cells
C. Ziegler, T. Heilmann, and J. Hermann
Fraunhofer Institut für Solare Energiesysteme, Freiburg
Water management is one of the most important issues of current research in the field of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). Understanding the transport of liquid water in the fuel cell is necessary for the optimization of the design and the control of PEMFCs. This paper presents a mathematical model that describes the dynamic two-phase transport and the experimentally observed ...
Influence of COMSOL on the Design and Testing of the High Flux Isotope Reactor HB-4 Cold Source: Validation of the Simulation
J. D. Freels
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
This presentation concerns our numerical and experimental research on the High Flux Isotope Reactor HFIR, located at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. In this presentation we give a Brief Pictorial Introduction to the HFIR, som physical properties of Supercritical Hydrogen, and Simulations of both natural and forced convection problems using COMSOL Multiphysics. This presentation also ...
National University of Tainan
This presentation considers multiphysics modeling of Fuel Cells. The presentation introduces the fundamentals of Fuel Cells, the need for computer aided modeling of them, different difficulties and hindrances one encounters when modeling Fuel Cells, and methods to overcome these difficulties when modeling them. A good understanding and thorough discussion on different types of Fuel Cells ...
Universitá Campus Biomedico
Finite elements are a very powerful tool for theoretical physics. COMSOL allows people to easily handle them without facing the problem of programming long FORTRAN/C++ codes. This presentation will show the use of COMSOL in curved spacetimes. --------------------------------- Christian Cherubini was one of the keynote speakers at the COMSOL User's Conference, fall 2005 in Milano
S. Quiniou1, F. Lesage1, V. Ventenat2, and M. A. Latifi1
1Laboratoire des Sciences du Génie Chimique, Nancy, France
2Centre de Recherche Decathlon, Villeneuve d'Ascq, France
In this paper, an investigation of heat and mass transfer in two-layer fabrics, used in the manufacture of comfortable sportswear, is presented. It is based on a model described by partial differential equations representing the mass balance of water vapor, free and adsorbed water and the heat balance in the fabric. The model involves several unknown physical and transfer parameters. A specific ...
Department of Mathematics, Bologna University, Bologna, Italy
Partial differential equations have recently become popular and useful tools for several image processing tasks such as image de-noising and segmentation.In this work, we implement a unified image de-noising and segmentation approach which is based on a nonlinear diffusion equation with a reactive term for achieving edge preserving smoothing and segmentation. This model is highly nonlinear and ...
Simulation-based Analysis of the Spatial Sensitivity Function of an Electrical Capacitance Tomography System
A. Fuchs, and H. Zangl
Institute of Electrical Measurement and Measurement Signal Processing, Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria
This paper investigates the effects of the soft field character of an Electrical Capacitance Tomography system by means of analyzing the 3D sensitivity distribution of the pipe interior using Finite Element Analysis.The aim of the determined sensitivity is to overcome restrictions caused by the soft field without being forced to use (active) guarding strategies.
J.-M. Barois, and C. Goulmy
PHOTONIS, Brive, France
Streak tubes are widely used in high-speed signal analysis; they give spatial, temporal and intensity information about one single event. Time resolutions of 0.7 pico-second can be achieved and in that time-domain, PHOTONIS tubes are second-to-none.Applications are numerous and range from plasma physic to femtosecond laser applications. In streak tubes, electrons move from the photocathode to the ...
M. C. Suarez-Arriaga1, F. Samaniego2, and J. Bundschuh3
1Faculty of Sciences, Michoacan University, Morelia, Mich., Mexico
2Faculty of Engineering, National University of Mexico, Morelia, Mich., Mexico
3Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (ICE), Morelia, Mich., Mexico
We developed a new numerical model able to predict the critical oil rate for which oil-producing wells can be invaded by geothermal brine. The model is a single nonlinear partial differential equation (PDE) which depends only on water saturation. This PDE is a 3D-generalization of the classical 1D-Buckley-Leverett model. To solve this model, we used Lagrange-quadratic finite elements into the ...