Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Numerical Simulation of Blood Flow in a Straight Artery Under the Influence of a Magnetic Field - new

G. C. Shit[1], A. Sinha[1], A. Mondal[1], S. Majee[1]
[1]Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

In this work, we have developed a three-dimensional numerical simulation for blood flow through an arterial segment in the presence of an externally applied magnetic field. The study bears the potential applications in simulation-based medical planning system for cardiovascular disease that provides computational methods to evaluate alternative surgical treatment. This study also motivates ...

An Inverse Model for Estimating Arterial Wall Elasticity using the Immersed Boundary Method

A. Jeremic, and T. Gadkari
McMaster Univerisity, Hamilton, ON, Canada

In this paper, we develop an inverse finite-element model for estimating elasticity of the arterial wall. We model the blood flow using COMSOL’s Structural Mechanics module, and use the resulting nonlinear functions corresponding to the Navier-Stokes equations in the presence of elastic (immersed) boundary in formulating the cost function.We derive the corresponding least-squares and maximum ...

Finite-element Modeling of Elastic Surface Modes and Scattering from Spherical Objects

O. Falou1, J. C. Kumaradas2, and M. C. Kolios1,2
1Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada
2Dept. of Physics, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada

In this work, backscatter from an elastic sphere was used to validate the computational model against analytical solutions (Faran theory).Agreements between analytical and finite element solutions were found in the scattered far-field over a range of frequencies of interest (10 - 70 MHz). Oscillations of the elastic sphere at various resonance frequencies (peaks in the power spectrum) were also ...

Coupled Fluid-Structural Analysis of Heart Mitral Valve

A. Avanzini, and G. Donzella
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy

The mitral valve apparatus is a complex and refined mechanism located between the left atrium and the left ventricle of the heart which can manifest various kinds of pathologies. In order to support identification of potentially critical conditions resulting from some typical cardiosurgery operations, it is important to develop models of the mitral valve that enable prediction of both stress in ...

Solid Food Pasteurization by means of Ohmic Heating: Influence of Process Parameters

M. Zell[1], D. Cronin[1], D. Morgan[1], F. Marra[2], and J. Lyng[1]
[1]School of Agriculture, Food Science and Veterinary Medicine, Agriculture and Food Science Centre, College of Life Sciences, UCD Dublin, Ireland
[2]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica e Alimentare, Università degli Studi di Salerno, Italy

Pasteurization of solid food undergoing ohmic heating has been analyzed using COMSOL Multiphysics on the basis of a previously validated multiphysics model. The simulation of pasteurization by ohmic heating involves simultaneous solution electrical potential within the food, heat transfer, and the kinetics transport of death of microorganisms. In the model, thermo-physical and electrical ...

Electrical Stimulation of Brain using a realistic 3D Human Head Model: Improvement of Spatial Focality

A. Datta, M. Elwassif, and M. Bikson

Department of Biomedical Engineering, The City College of the CUNY, New York, NY, USA

We calculated the spatial distribution of the electric fields induced in the brain during transcranial current stimulation (TCS). The spatial focality obtained using ‘concentric-ring’ configurations is investigated using a realistic MRI derived 3D finite element model of the human head. Two disc electrode configurations were simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics. The distant-bipolar ...

Some Clinical and Computational Studies On Haemodynamics In Stenosed Artery

A. Chanda, A.R. Choudhury, G. Ray, K. Dasgupta, and D. Nag
Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Atherosclerosis in arteries is caused by the formation of stenosis : fatty depositions, on the artery wall. In current medicine, the practice is to observe the maximum percentage occlusion at any arbitrary cross-section and diagnose the patient on that basis, which might not always present the real picture due to non-uniformity of the stenosis thickness. The present work attempts to simulate the ...

A Simplified Numerical Model for Simulating Sliding Door and Surgical Staff Movement in an Operating Theater

C. Balocco[1]
[1]Dipartimento di Energetica, Università di Firenze, Firenze, Italy

This paper deals with a numerical investigation on sliding door and people moving effects on the indoor climate of a standard ISO5 class OT with an ultraclean air filter system and a total ceiling unidirectional diffuser. A simple method to analyze the effects on the OT climate by different sliding door conditions combined with crossing persons and persons with a stretcher crossing is provided. ...

Deformable Image Registration for Pleural Photodynamic Therapy

B. Liu[1], T. C. Zhu[1]
[1]Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Deformable image registration is a form of medical image processing that can provide insights into the development of phenomenon and variation in normal anatomical structure over time. Prior to post-operative pleural photodynamic therapy (PDT), a series of CT scans of lungs will be acquired. During PDT treatment, an infrared navigation system is used to contour the lungs and provide real-time ...

An Assessment of the Suitability of the Body and Adult Head Coils for Transmission during Paediatric Magnetic Resonance Imaging

G.R. Cook[1], M.J. Graves[1], F.J. Robb[2], D.J. Lomas[1]
[1]Department of Radiology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
[2]General Electric Healthcare Coils, Aurora, Ohio, USA

MRI offers many advantages over other modalities and its lack of ionizing radiation is important for children, but can be limited by the radio-frequency (RF) coils available. This work calculates Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) and homogeneity of the RF transmit field (B1+) when imaging infants in adult coils. Two birdcage-type coils were loaded by a tissue model and their B1+ homogeneities ...

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