Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Computational Evaluation of Improved Anaerobic Digestion Reactor Designs

A. A. Forbis-Stokes [1], M. A. Deshusses [1],
[1] Duke University, Durham, NC, USA

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact on number of baffles placed in horizontal- or vertical-alignment of an anaerobic baffled reactor (HABR and ABR, respectively). Computational fluid dynamics was used to evaluate hydraulic performance of each and determine what number of compartments should be used to optimize reactor volume while adding minimal complexity. The findings ...

Study of Thermo-Electrical and Mechanical Coupling During Densification of a Polycrystalline Material Using COMSOL

F. Mechighel[1,2,3], B. Pateyron[1], M. El Ganaoui[1], and M. Kadja[3]
[1]CNRS SPCTS UMR 6638, Universite de Limoges, France
[2]Département de Génie Mécanique, Universite de Annaba, Algerie
[3]Département de Génie Mécanique, Universite de Constantine, Algerie

Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) is a promising rapid consolidation technique that allows a better understanding and manipulation of sintering kinetics and therefore makes it possible to obtain polycrystalline materials (ceramic or metallic) with tailored microstructures. A numerical simulation of the electrical, thermal and mechanical coupling during SPS is performed. Equations for conservation for ...

Modeling the Performance of Energy Recovery Ventilators

N. Lemcoff[1], R. Pastor[2], and E. Miravete[1]
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Hartford, CT
[2]General Dynamics Electric Boat, Groton, CT

The objective of this study is to numerically evaluate the effectiveness of an energy recovery ventilator (ERV) during the summer and winter seasons. The energy recovery ventilator allows heat and mass transfer between two air streams separated by a membrane. The effects of varying the following parameters were examined: flows through the supply and exhaust ducts, height of the exhaust channel, ...

Theoretical Simulations of Silicon-On-Nothing (SON) Structures

C. Grau Turuelo[1], B. Bergmann[1], C. Breitkopf[1], F. Hoffmann[2], L. Brencher[2]
[1]Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Saxony, Germany
[2]Infineon Technologies GmbH, Dresden, Dresden, Saxony, Germany

A novel technique for semiconductor manufacturing is introduced: Silicon-On-Nothing. This process consists of an initial cylindrical trench which has a shape evolution under certain conditions: high temperature (1100 °C), low pressure (10 Torr) and a non-oxidizing atmosphere such as hydrogen. These conditions enable a, mainly, surface diffusion phenomenon whose final result is an empty space ...

Water Quality Model for Brewster Lake

Z. Aljobeh[1], G. Argueta[1]
[1]Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, IN, USA

A numerical model was developed to make spatial and temporal predictions of the water quality for Brewster Lake, located in southwestern Michigan. The model considers the hydrodynamics of the lake, hydrologic conditions, physical, chemical and biochemical processes that take place in the lake, and nutrient loadings from the surrounding watershed. Physical, chemical, and biochemical data ...

Microscale Simulations of Catalyst Deactivation During Gas-Phase Upgrading of Biomass Pyrolysis Vapors

P. N. Ciesielski [1], D. Robichaud [2], B. Donohoe [1], M. Nimlos [2],
[1] Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
[2] National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA

Catalytic fast pyrolysis is a process by which biomass may be converted into liquid hydrocarbon transportation fuels and chemical co-products that are alternative to their petroleum-derived counterparts. Chemical compounds in raw pyrolysis vapor have high oxygen content and therefore must be deoxygenated in order to meet specifications for hydrocarbon fuels. One strategy to accomplish this is ...

Transient CFD Investigation of a Photocatalytic Multi-tube Reactor

S. Denys [1], J. van Walsem [1], J. Roegiers [1], S. Lenaerts [1],
[1] University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium

As in industrial countries, people spend most of their time indoors and the stringent heat-insulation measures in combination with deficient ventilation have a negative impact on indoor air quality, one approach for abating indoor air pollution is the integration or retrofitting of a photocatalytic oxidation or PCO reactor into continuous flow. PCO technology is very cost-effective, efficient ...

Migration of Mineral Oil Saturated and Aromatic Hydrocarbons(MOSH, MOAH) through Multi-Layered Packaging into Food

C. Kirse [1], F. Edel [1], H. Briesen [1],
[1] Chair of Process Systems Engineering, Technical University of Munich, Germany

Substances like Mineral Oil Saturated Hydrocarbons (MOSH) and Mineral Oil Aromatic Hydrocarbons (MOAH) are suspected to be carcinogenic. Furthermore, MOSH/MOAH migrate through the packaging into food stuff. This work aims at modelling, how much MOSH/MOAH migrates from the packaging into food to evaluate the exposure to toxic substances. The scope of the project is not to investigate one specific ...

Coupling Forced Convection in Air Gaps with Heat and Moisture Transfer inside Constructions

M. Bianchi Janetti[1], F. Ochs[1]
[1]University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria

Introduction: The simulation of coupled heat and moisture transfer in constructions is becoming even more important in the last years. COMSOL Multiphysics represents a powerful tool for this kind of simulations as shown in [1,2,3], although applications in this area are still rare. For the realistic prediction of the heat and moisture distribution in building elements exposed to external ...

Impact Assessment of Hydrologic and Operational Factors on the Efficiency of Managed Aquifer Recharge Scheme

M.A. Rahman[1], P. Oberdorfer[1], Y. Jin[1], M. Pervin[1], E. Holzbecher[1]
[1]Department of Applied Geology, Geoscience Center, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany

Due to increased demands on groundwater accompanied by increased drawdowns (ca. 2-3 meters/year), technologies that use alternative water resources have been suggested for Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Preliminary studies show that managed aquifer recharge (MAR) would help in optimal use of available water resources and to reduce adverse effects of pumping in the Dupitila aquifer of the city. In this ...