A Multiphase Porous Medium Transport Model with Distributed Sublimation Front to Simulate Vacuum Freeze Drying
A. Warning, J. M. R. Arquiza, A. K. Datta
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
A continuum, porous medium formulation with non-equilibrium sublimation was developed and validated for freeze drying without and with uniform microwave volumetric heating. The model incorporates the effect of Knudsen flow at low pressure and low permeability freeze drying. The distributed, non-equilibrium sublimation demonstrated that the sublimation front is a sharp boundary for high ice ...
M. Z. Saghir , A. Ahadi , A. A. Mohamad ,
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
Nanofluids is a new class of fluid consisting of particles in a liquid. Different base liquid has been proposed and the most common one is water. The concentration of these particles can range from 0.1% to 5% or greater. Different numerical models have been proposed to solve this interesting problem. Some scheme assumed the fluid as a single fluid and other assumed as a two phase system ...
J. Orjuela, and A. González
Dept. de Ingeniería Química Facultad de Ingeniería
Universidad de los Andes
A bidimensional and pseudo homogenous model was proposed for the study of mass transfer in the bioadsorption process of chromium VI in the S-layer of immobilized Bacillus sphaericus in a packed column. The implementation of such a model in COMSOL Multiphysics will be explained in detail and the final results presented. These include chromium concentration profiles along the column and its ...
C. Wang , J. Zhang ,
 Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO, USA
This study creates a 2D fluid-structure interaction (FSI) model to study the effect of magnetic field and particle aspect ratio on the period of rotation and symmetry of ellipsoidal paramagnetic particles. The results show that the magnetic field strength has a significant effect on the period and asymmetry of rotation of particle, and the direction of magnetic field modifies both the period and ...
S. Yushanov, J. Crompton, and K. Koppenhoefer
ACES of Columbus, LLC, Columbus, OH, USA
Improved performance of aeroengines requires the development of new manufacturing technologies for ceramic matrix composites (CMCs). This has been simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics. Specialized simulation technologies have been developed to describe the infiltration of molten material into a ceramic perform. The physical phenomena considered in the analysis includes: unsaturated flow, ...
A. Warning, A. K. Datta, A. Dhall, and D. Mitrea
Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering
A multiphase porous media model involving heat and mass transfer within a potato chip was implemented in COMSOL 3.5a. The diffusive flux in oil and liquid water was modeled from capillary driven flow while the gas phase was modeled using binary diffusion. A non-equilibrium water evaporation rate was used and Darcy's law for the momentum equation to solve for the convection of each species. ...
M.H.A. van Dongen, H.J. van Halewijn
Fontys University of Applied Sciences, Expertise Centre Thin Films & Functional Materials, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Fontys University of Applied Sciences, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Coalescence of droplets is a widely investigated phenomenon. In inkjet printing micrometer sized droplets are deposited on a substrate which when positioned close enough to each other will coalesce and mix. Little is known about the flows and mixing behaviour within these small droplets. In this investigation we follow the time evolved coalescence of two droplets with volume ratios ranging from ...
J.M. Gozálvez-Zafrilla, A. Santafé-Moros, J.L. Díez-Ruano, J. Bondia
Institute for Industrial, Radiophysical and Environmental Safety (ISIRYM) - Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Instituto Universitario de Automática e Informática Industrial (AI2) - Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Microdialysis is a technique of continuous glucose monitoring in diabetic patients. In microdialysis, a saline serum is perfused into a microdialysis probe. Glucose pass from the plasmatic fluid through the porous membrane. The glucose concentration in the dialysate obtained is measured by an external analytical device. This preliminary work aimed to obtain a model to relate glucose ...
A. A. Forbis-Stokes , M. A. Deshusses ,
 Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact on number of baffles placed in horizontal- or vertical-alignment of an anaerobic baffled reactor (HABR and ABR, respectively). Computational fluid dynamics was used to evaluate hydraulic performance of each and determine what number of compartments should be used to optimize reactor volume while adding minimal complexity. The findings ...
C. Anandharamakrishnan, R. Gopirajah, and N. Chhanwal
Central Food Technological Research Institute
Freeze-drying is a popular method of producing shelf stable particulate products and is of particular value for drying thermally sensitive materials (volatiles and biological based), which can be heat damaged by higher temperature methods, such as spray-drying. Porous structures are formed by the creation of ice crystals during the freezing stage, which subsequently sublime during the drying ...