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Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Heat and Mass Transfer Modeling During Freezing of Foodstuffs

O. Rouaud[1], T. Pham[2]
[1]LUNAM Université, ONIRIS, CNRS, GEPEA, UMR, Nantes, France
[2]University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

A mathematical model is developed to determine the weight loss and the freezing rate during the freezing of unwrapped foodstuffs. The model allows comparing two freezing processes; the first uses nitrogen gas at -80°C and the second uses cold air. The model includes thermophysical properties that are temperature dependent to take into account the ice formation. The time step has to be chosen ...

Comparison of Heat and Mass Transport at the Micro-Scale

E. Holzbecher[1], S. Oehlmann[1]
[1]Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Phenomena of heat and mass transfer are often compared, in various porous media applications. Questions of practical interest are, for example, if tracers can be used for the prediction of heat flow, or vice versa if heat can be utilized as, possibly retarded, tracer for predicting the migration of contaminants, nutrients or other substances. Using numerical modelling in artificial porous media ...

Reynolds Number Dependent Porous Media Flow Using the Brinkman Equation

R. Rieck[1], A. Bénard[1], and C. Petty[1]
[1]Michigan State University, Michigan, USA

Porous media fluid dynamic modeling has been widely explored and utilized in many academic and industrial applications. Cross flow filtration being one attractive application, whereas the fluid and filtrate flow parallel the porous media, and thereby induce shearing stress along the membrane surface to reduce fouling. In modeling porous media flow, it is common to describe the porous domain by ...

Modeling Contact Line Dynamics in Evaporating Menisci

J. Plawsky[1], A. Chatterjee[1], and P.C. Wayner Jr.[1]
[1]Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, USA

The Constrained Vapor Bubble is a fundamental fluid mechanics experiment that is scheduled to run aboard the International Space Station starting in August 2009. The experiment is focused on looking at evaporation and condensation processes at the contact line, where vapor, liquid and solid meet. Our goal is to understand how processes that occur on the macroscale affect the transport processes ...

Multiphysics Approach of the Performance of a Domestic Oven

N. Garcia-Polanco[1], J. Capablo[1], J. Doyle[1]
[1]Whirlpool Corporation, Cassinetta di Biandronno (VA), Italy

The heat and mass transfer processes occurring in a domestic oven is in detailed analyzed in this work, with the final objective of improving the global energy efficiency of the system. A 3D Finite Element model developed with a Multi-physics approach is validated with the experimental data from the standard test for energy consumption of the European Union (EN 50304:2001). In this test a brick ...

Coupling Miscible Flow and Geochemistry for Carbon Dioxide Flooding into North Sea Chalk Reservoir

B. Niu[1], W. Yan[1], A.A. Shapiro[1], and E.H. Stenby[1]

[1]Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

As an effective method to cope with green-house gas emission, and to enhance oil recovery, injection of carbon dioxide into oil reservoirs has obtained increasing attentions. The flooding process involves complex phase behavior among oil, brine and CO2, and geochemical reaction between CO2 and rock. COMSOL Multiphysics® was first applied to simulating two flooding processes with known ...

Numerical Modeling of Heat and Mass Transfer in Porous Materials During Drying and Shrinkage

D. Lelièvre[1], P. Glouannec[1]
[1]Université de Bretagne-Sud, Lorient, France

Drying is an essential step in many manufacturing processes, for it will have an important impact on the product quality. This is why many numerical models have been realized over decades, in order to predict the hygrothermal behavior of porous media during the drying process. In this paper, we present a model allowing to properly simulate the pressure, heat and mass transfer during the drying of ...

Modeling Flow and Deformation during Hot Air Puffing of Single Rice Kernels

T. Gulati[1], A. Datta[1]
[1]Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

When rice is subjected to intense heating, it results in rapid evaporation of liquid water to vapor. As a consequence, large pressures are generated within the kernel in a span of 15s resulting in large volume changes causing the kernel to puff rapidly. Under suitable conditions, the ratio of initial volume to volume after puffing could be as high as 10. Rice puffing process is a complex ...

Multiphysics: Fluid Mixing and Brine Pool Formation for Economic Geology Applications - new

C. Schardt[1]
[1]University of Minnesota-Duluth, Duluth, MN, USA

Significant submarine mineral deposits form when hot, metal-laden, saline fluids emerge onto the seafloor and mix with ambient seawater. Resulting density changes of fluid mixtures can trigger fluid buoyancy reversals, brine pool formation, and metal accumulation (Figure 1). While some of these processes are known from experiments, the inception, development, and physical-chemical processes ...

Network-of-Zones Model for Stirred Tank with Fractal Impeller - new

G.M. Mule[1], A.A. Kulkarni[1]
[1]CSIR - National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Stirred tanks are widely used in the pharmaceuticals, chemical and paint industries for variety of operations. The fractal impeller is an impeller having a novel design, developed by CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, India. The power number of fractal impeller is relatively lower than the conventional impellers. The mixing performance is also relatively better than the conventional ...