Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

The Friction Coefficient of Fractal Aggregates in the Continuum and the Transition Regimes

A. Melas[1][3], A.G. Konstandopoulos[1], L. Isella[2], Y. Drossinos[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece
[2]European Commission, DG Energy, Luxemburg
[3]European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy

Aerosol and colloid aggregates are complex fractal-like structures composed of primary spheres. The drag force exerted on a fractal-like object is usually determined by solving numerically the Stokes equation. In this study we calculate it by relating it to a molecule-aggregate collision rate. We create the fractal aggregates with a cluster-cluster aggregation algorithm using the software ...

Understanding the Transition Flow Region through Modeling in COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

J. Sturnfield [1],
[1] Dow Chemical, Freeport, TX, USA

The pore sizes of many membranes being studied for separating the components in gas mixtures are on the scale of nanometers. Depending on the specific gases and pressures being used, this scale will put the flows in the Transition between Slip Flow and Knudsen regime. The differential flow of the gas components gives the relative diffusion of the gases through the membrane. There are a number of ...

2-D Modeling of Underground Coal Gasification (UCG)

S. Mahajani[1], S. Srikantiah[1], G. Samdani[1], A. Ganesh[1], P. Aghalayam[2]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
[2]Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India

UCG is a process which converts coal to syn gas at the underground coal seam itself. UCG can help meeting the rising energy demand by utilizing coal resources that otherwise would be too deep, or of poor quality, or simply not economical to mine. As UCG takes place, a cavity is formed underground in the coal seam which grows three-dimensionally. The objective of this work is to develop a two ...

An Analysis of Heat Conduction with Change of Phase with Application to the Solidification of Copper

J. Michalski[1], and E. Gutirrez-Miravete[2]
[2]Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, US

The goal of this study was to determine the possibility of using the finite element in COMSOL Multiphysics program to obtain a high accuracy solution to a moving boundary problem, specifically, the solidification of copper. A one-dimensional geometry in Cartesian coordinates was used to investigate the solidification of initially liquid copper from a chilled wall maintained at fixed temperature. ...

Numerical Modeling of Heat and Mass Transfer in Porous Materials During Drying and Shrinkage

D. Lelièvre[1], P. Glouannec[1]
[1]Université de Bretagne-Sud, Lorient, France

Drying is an essential step in many manufacturing processes, for it will have an important impact on the product quality. This is why many numerical models have been realized over decades, in order to predict the hygrothermal behavior of porous media during the drying process. In this paper, we present a model allowing to properly simulate the pressure, heat and mass transfer during the drying ...

A Study on Nutrient Mass Transport through Porous Channeled Flat Sheet Membrane and Prediction of Maximum Scaffold Thickness for Viable Cell Culture (In-vitro) by 3D Modeling for Tissue Engineering Application

N. M. S. Bettahalli[1], B. J. Papenburg [2], D. S. Stamatialis [2], M. Wessling [3]
[1]University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands & BMS College of Engineering, Bangalore, India
[2]University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands
[3]RWTH Aachen University

Tissue engineering (TE) is a multidisciplinary field involving principles of engineering and life sciences to improve the health and quality of life by repairing, restoring, maintaining, or enhancing tissue and organ function using cells, scaffolds, and growth factors alone or in combination. There are several artificial tissues that are already being used which include fabricated skin, ...

Towards a Microscopic Model for Species Transport in Lithium-Sulphur Cells

Geraint Minton [1], Rajlakshmi Purkayastha [1], Laura O’Neill [1], Sylwia Walus [1], Mark Wild [1], Monica Marinescu [2], Teng Zhang [2], Gregory Offer [2],
[1] Oxis Energy Ltd, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, UK
[2] Mechanical Engineering Department, Imperial College, London, UK

Lithium-sulphur (Li-S) batteries have the potential to surpass the energy storage capability of Li-ion batteries due to their high theoretical gravimetric energy density of 2700 Wh/kg. However, the processes which drive the system behaviour are much more complex than those in a Li-ion cell, meaning that controlling them to realise energy densities much above 350 Wh/kg is challenging. In a Li ...

Numerical Study of the Controlled Droplet Breakup by Static Electric Fields inside a Microfluidic Flow-focusing Device

Y. Li[1], K. Nandakumar[1], M. Jain[1]
[1]Louisiana State Univeristy, Baton Rouge, LA, USA

Conventional passive microfluidic flow-focusing devices confront difficulties in controlling droplet sizes in dripping regime especially when the dispersed phase has a large viscosity. It is reported that external electric field can be used to manipulate the droplet breakup. In the present study, a computational fluid dynamics based level-set method coupled with perfect dielectric model has been ...

Experimental and Numerical Study of Microbial Improved Oil Recovery in a Pore Scale Model by using COMSOL

M. Shabani Afrapoli, L. Shidong, S. Alipour , and O. Torsaeter
Department of Petroleum Engineering and Applied Geophysics
Trondheim, Norway

A number of visualization experiments are carried out at the laboratory temperature with oil, brine and bacteria suspension for evaluating the performance of MIOR in a glass micromodel. The observations show the effects of bacteria on remaining oil saturation. The interfacial tension reduction, wettability alteration and flow pattern changes are recognized as active mechanisms. COMSOL ...

Numerical Simulation of Oil Recovery by Polymer Injection using COMSOL

J. Wegner[1], L. Ganzer[1]
[1]Clausthal University of Technology, Clausthal, Germany

In this paper we used COMSOL Multiphysics to model basic physico-chemical effects relevant in polymer enhanced oil recovery (EOR) such as non-Newtonian rheology of the displacing phase, permeability reduction, adsorption and salinity effects. COMSOL\'s PDE interface as well as Species Transport in Porous Media interface was used for solving the underlying equations. The validity of the ...