S. C. Hegde
VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
The coaxial cable is one of the most commonly used bandwidth limited signal transmission line.Dispersion is a signal distortion phenomenon which arises due to frequency dependence of phase velocity of signal components. This phenomenon was explained through time domain approach by studying time taken by signals of various frequencies to propagate through the cable, which eventually may cause ...
H. S. Shriram, T. Nimje, D. Vakharia
BITS Pilani, Rajasthan, India
Radio Frequency MEMS devices have emerged to overcome the problem of high losses associated with semiconductors at high frequencies. A tunable MEMS capacitor is a micrometre-scale electronic device whose capacitance is controlled through different actuation mechanisms which govern the moving parts. It can have electrostatic or electrothermal actuators depending on the functional complexity and ...
T. Santos, L.C. Costa[1,2], M. Valente[1,2], J. Monteiro[1,2], and J. Sousa
University of Aveiro, Portugal
I3N, Aveiro, Portugal
TEKA Portugal S.A., Ílhavo, Portugal
In microwave heating applications, the energy is introduced directly into the volume of the material and as consequence the quality of the process is highly dependent on the uniformity of the electromagnetic field distribution along it. That is, the non uniformity of the heating is a potential problem with serious consequences. Thermal runaway is the most critical, in materials with temperature ...
L. Wang ,
 Konica Minolta Laboratory USA, Inc., San Mateo, CA, USA
Organic light emitting diode (OLED) is an emerging technology for next-generation flat panel display and solid-state area lighting thanks to its many advantages such as light weight, low operating voltage, and flexibility, etc. A typical OLED has a multilayer structure that includes a glass or plastic substrate, an anode (ITO), a hole transport layer (HTL), an emitting layer (EML), an electron ...
Impedance Matching of Tag Antenna to Maximise RFID Read Ranges & Optimising a Tag Antenna Design for a Particular Application - new
M. Yeoman, M. O'Neill
Continuum Blue Ltd., Ystrad Mynach, UK
Tumbling Dice Ltd., Newcastle, UK
RFID tags are ever increasing in their daily use, from the monitoring of components, the tracking of produce during processing & production, as well as being used in much of the touch-less technologies seen today. With this technology, there has been the ever increasing need to reduce the power required to activate the RFID tag, while maximizing the read range in certain applications. In ...
K. C. Koppenhoefer , S. Yushanov , J. S. Crompton ,
 AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA
Surface Plasmons (SP) or Surface Plasmon Polaritons (SPP) are electromagnetic excitations that propagate at the interface between a dielectric and a conductor, and are evanescently confined in the perpendicular direction to the propagation. They arise via coupling of the electromagnetic field to oscillations of the conductor’s electron plasma and are characterized in terms of dispersion and ...
C. T. Nadovich ,
 Lafayette College, Easton, PA, USA
The use of grating couplers to couple conventionally phased and polarized light near vertically in and out of optical slab or film waveguides  represents an attractive method to interface optical fiber to photonic ICs. Previously developed grating coupler designs use transversely uniform grating structures matched to conventional scalar fiber modes. The performance of these geometries can be ...
M. Trujillo, E. Berjano
Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Radiofrequency ablation is a minimally invasive techinique which is used to treat some kinds of cancer. The realism of theoretical models is very important. An influential factor in this realism is mathematical functions that model the temperature-dependence of tissue thermal and electrical conductivities. The aim of this work is to review the mathematical functions employed to model the ...
Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
Dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have received tremendous attention as alternative photon harvesting devices. While the sintered TiO2 nanoparticle network attached with dye molecules achieves efficient photon absorption, the electrons have to diffuse through the long TiO2 network to reach the contact, resulting in a high electron density and thus increased recombination. Extensive research ...
M. Mattheakis, C. Athanasopoulos, G. P. Tsironis
University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece
We present numerical simulations for the propagation of surface plasmon polaritons in a dielectric-metal-dielectric waveguide using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. We show that the use of an active dielectric with gain that compensates metal absorption losses enhances substantially plasmon propagation. Furthermore, the introduction of the active material induces, for a specific gain value, a ...