An Elastic and Hyperelastic Material Model of Joint Cartilage - Calculation of the Pressure Dependent Modulus of Elasticity by Comparison with Experiments and Simulations
T. Reuter, and M. Hoffmann
Research Centre of Medical Technology and Biotechnology
Bad Langensalza, Germany
In this paper we introduce a elastic and hyperelastic model to describe the biomechanics of joint cartilage. As biomechanical property we calculated the pressure dependent E-modulus E = f(s) to describe the dependence of the biomechanical properties on pressure. The calculation based on the comparison and the iterative approach of the force-way-functions between the experiments and ...
S. Carcangiu, A. Fanni, and A. Montisci
Department of Electric and Electronic Engineering
University of Cagliari
In this work an innovative wind power generation in urban areas is proposed. The generation system substitutes the roof of the building and it consists of a static part, the stator, and a moving part, called impeller, which is a centripetal turbine with vertical axis of rotation. Since the objective is to conveying the air flow in the stator, the logarithmic spiral has been chosen as the shape ...
R. Coker, J. Knox, K. Kittredge
NASA - Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
All spacecraft systems must be minimized with respect to mass, power, and volume. Here, we focus on current efforts to improve system efficiency and reliability for water separation systems to be used on crewed vehicles. These development efforts combine sub-scale systems testing and multi-physics simulations to evaluate candidate approaches. The best performing options will then be ...
Ramesh P, S.P Duttagupta
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay,Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Air breathing proton exchange membrane fuel cells have now found its use in wide range of domestic and commercial energy based applications. Optimization of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell system parameters and its safer operation under dynamic conditions ensure higher system output and longer device lifetime. Ensuring safety against oxygen starvation reduces the degradation of membrane ...
P. K. Jain, J. D. Freels
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
Engineering design studies of the feasibility of conversion of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) from high-enriched uranium to low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel are ongoing at Oak Ridge National Laboratory as part of an effort sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Global Threat Reduction Initiative Reduced Enrichment for Research and Test Reactors program. COMSOL Multiphysics® models are ...
Estimation of Volcanic Deformation Source Parameters Through Optimization of Geodetic Data at Cotopaxi Volcano, Ecuador - new
J. Hickey, J. Gottsmann, P. Mothes
University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Instituto Geofísico, Escuela Politécnica Nacional, Quito, Ecuador
Volcanic eruptions are often preceded by periods of unrest, where the behavior of the volcano deviates from a background level towards one of increasing concern . Understanding what causes and contributes to unrest is a key challenge in volcanology today, influencing risk mitigation and hazard forecasting. Deformation of the volcanic edifice is one such indicator of unrest owing to a ...
M. Csete, A. Szalai, E. Csapó, A. Somogyi, I. Dékány
Department of Optics and Quantum Electronics, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
MTA-SZTE Supramolecular and Nanostructured Materials Research Group, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
Novel class of artificial optical antennas are of great interest in biosensing applications of nanoplasmonics due to their unique and tunable spectral properties. Silver colloid spheres covered with L-cysteine were studied experimentally by spectroscopy and TEM and numerically by a COMSOL Multiphysics® simulation. Experimental studies revealed that the Ag NP-Cys core-shell conjugates prefer to ...
T. Cavalcanti, A. Lima, J. Neto
Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Campina Grande, PB, Brasil
Introdução: A medição adequada de vazão de fluidos é de grande importância nos processos industriais, pois tem implicações diretas na qualidade, produtividade, segurança e eficiência dos processos. Assim, torna-se necessário compreendermos como os fluidos se comportam para baixas velocidades, podendo, dessa forma, projetar estruturas que possam trabalhar em uma faixa de operação mais larga ou ...
万通 , 雍兴跃 , 肖宁 ,
研究结果表明，海水中钢结构设备的腐蚀问题触目惊心，通常会造成设备损坏、性能降低。由此可见，控制腐蚀是一项十分重要的任务。 钢结构设备的防腐保护主要采用阴极保护和涂层保护两种方式，然而，由于涂层自身不可避免的缺陷以及施工过程中导致的缺陷，腐蚀仍将在以上造成的缺陷处发生。因此，在接触海水的部位，为了消除涂层缺陷而造成的腐蚀，通常根据钢结构的实际情况和使用状态，采用阴极保护的方法。电位是阴极保护工程中，对控制和监视阴极保护效果进行评价的一项重要指标，因而，非常有必要去了解被保护设备表面上的电位分布。 使用Comsol进行阴极保护数值模拟计算时，步骤如下： （1）选择物理场 “模型向导”>“三维”>“二次电流分布”>“稳态”>“研究”； （2）建立模型 在COMSOL中按照实际尺寸进行建模； （3）输入参数 模拟所需参数：1）温度T：298.15K； 2）电解质（海水 ...
P. Alotto, M. Guarnieri, and F. Moro
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica, Università di Padova, Padova, Italy
The proton exchange membrane is a key component in the currently widely studied Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells. In this paper a fully coupled three-dimensional dynamic numerical model of the membrane including all the physically relevant phenomena, i.e. ion transport, hydration-dependent conductivity and thermal effects is presented. The highly non-linear model is discretized by means of ...