Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Space Charge Compensation of Negative Ion Beams

M.Cavenago[1], and P. Veltri[2]
[1]INFN-LNL, Legnaro, PD, Italy
[2]Consorzio RFX, Padova, Italy

Neutral Beam Injectors for ITER require development of negative ion sources and beams with carefully reduced beam divergence. In the accelerator this is compensated by the focusing due to the fringe effect of the electric field, while in the drift region, where the beam is propagating without further acceleration, a background positive charge is required to assure beam transmission with small ...

Modeling VRALA,The Next-Generation Actuator For High-Density, Tick Secondary Mirrors For Astronomy

C. Del Vecchio[1], G. Agapito[1], G. Tomassi[2], and E. De Santis[2]
[1]National Institute for Astrophysics, Arcetri Astrophysical Observatory, Firenze, Italy
[2]University of Cassino, Cassino, Italy

The next-generation of Extremely Large Telescopes adaptive optics systems require high-order, long-stroke, quite large deformable mirrors. Higher forces and greater actuator densities than the ones provided by the current technology are needed, still maintaining the severe accuracy and bandwidth requests. Based on a very simple magnetic circuit, providing a compact device, the VRALA actuator ...

Laser Interstitial Thermo Therapy (LITT) for Prostate Cancer Animal Model: Numerical Simulation of Temperature and Damage Distribution

M.F. Marqa, P. Colin, P. Nevoux, S. Mordon, and N. Betrouni
University of Lille, CHRU, Lille, France

Laser interstitial thermotherapy (LITT) is a cancer treatment technique in which laser fibers are introduced inside the tumor. While it destroys deep tumors, the LITT procedure allows minimizing the impact on adjacent healthy structures. One of the effective methods to perform treatment planning for LITT is simulation. We used COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate the heat distribution and thermal ...

A Flexible Scheme For Numerical Homogenisation In Linear Elasticity

A. Gerisch[1], S. Tiburtius[1], Q. Grimal[2], and K. Raum[3]
[1]Technische Universität Darmstadt, Germany
[2]Université Pierre et Marie Curie Paris VI, France
[3]Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany

Musculoskeletal mineralised tissues (MMTs), like bone or tendon, are a prime example of naturally occuring, hierarchically structured material. They display a great variety in mechanical function but are all based on essentially the same building block: the mineralised collagen fibril (100 nanometer in diameter). This building block is arranged in various spatial structures across many length ...

Energy Harvesting from Variation in Blood Pressure through Deformation of Arterial Wall using Electro-magneto-hydrodynamics

A. Pfenniger[1], V.M. Koch[2], A. Stahel[2], and R. Vogel[1]
[1]ARTORG Cardiovascular Engineering, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
[2]Bern University of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Information Technology, Biel, Switzerland

The present project aims at modelling a generator that harvests energy from the variation in blood pressure by exploiting the motion of the arterial wall between the diastolic and systolic phase of the cardiac cycle. The concept is to use a highly electrically conductive fluid, which is driven by the motion of the arterial wall within a separate compartment outside the artery. A constant magnetic ...

Fruit Optical Properties Assessment by Means of Spatially Resolved Spectroscopy

E. Madieta[1], V. Piron[2], A. Flament[1], J.P. L’Huillier[2], and E. Mehinagic[1]
[1]PRES L’UNAM, ESA, Grappe, Angers, France
[2]ENSAM Paristech, Angers, France

Since the invention of laser sources, understanding the interaction between the laser and biological tissues is a subject of great importance because of their medical applications in particular for diagnostic purposes. They recently found a growing interest in the sector of the arboriculture to check the fruits quality in a non-destructive way. In this work, we study the interaction between the ...

Formation of Porosities During Spot Laser Welding of Tantalum

C. Touvrey[1], and P. Namy[2]
[1]CEA Valduc, France
[2]SIMTEC, France

The aim of the study is to predict the formation of porosities in the case of spot laser welding of tantalum. During the interaction, a deep and narrow cavity, called the keyhole, is generated. At the end of the interaction, surface tension provokes the collapse of the keyhole. Gas bubble can then be trapped into the melting pool, and give birth to residual porosities, according to the ...

Rapid Control Prototyping for the Production of Functionally Graded Materials with Tailored Microstructural Properties Utilizing Comsol Multiphysics

J. Clobes[1,2], H.-J. Watermeier[2], M. Alsmann[2], H. H. Becker[2], and K. Steinhoff[1]
[1]University of Kassel - Chair of Metal Forming Technology, Kassel, Germany
[2]Volkswagen AG, Kassel, Germany

Within the field of hot metal bulk forming the demand arises for fully three-dimensionally tailored properties at the microstructural level, nevertheless, reaching a predefined geometry with such tailored properties puts high requirements on the control mechanisms utilized in the process chain for combined heating, metal forming, and cooling processes. A simulation based rapid control ...

Numerical Simulations of Ultrasonic Non Destructive Techniques of Masonry Buildings

S. Carcangiu[1], B. Cannas[1], M. Usai[1], and G. Concu[2]
[1]Department of Electric and Electronic Engineering, Cagliari, Italy
[2]Department of Structural and Infrastructural Engineering and Geomatics, Cagliari, Italy

An experimental program has been developed, with the purpose of evaluating the reliability in building diagnosis and characterization of an integrated analysis of several parameters, associated with acoustic waves propagating through the material. The Direct Transmission Technique has been applied. In this paper we developed a numerical model using the Transient Acoustics-Piezoelectric ...

Heat Loss Evaluation of an Experimental Set-up for Predicting the Initial Stage of the Boiling Curve for Water at low Pressure

K. T. Witte[1], F. Dammel[2], L. Schnabel[1], and P. Stephan[2]
[1]Fraunhofer Institut Solare Energiesysteme - Department of Thermal Systems and Buildings, Freiburg, Germany
[2]Technische Universität Darmstadt - Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Darmstadt, Germany

In this paper heat losses and gains are assessed for a specific measuring set-up improving the validity of performance data to accurately predict the initial stage of a boiling curve. Simulation focus on achieving results predicting real measuring data of a plain surface structure. Therefore, the relevant components of the measuring set-up have been implemented in a 2-D axisymmetric model ...

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