H. Chang 
 Kepco Engineering and Construction Company Inc., South Korea
매설배관에서 나타날 수 있는 손상의 유형은 누설, 파단, 막힘 기계적 충격 에 의한 구조적 손상 * 누설 : 부식(일반부식, 공식, 미생물부식 등), 피로 * 파단 : 부식(일반부식, 공식, 미생물부식 등), 피로 * 막힘 : 부식에 의한 스케일, 수중서식물의 증식 등 * 콘크리트 파열 : 내부 강재의 부식(콘크리트 균열 및 ...
S. Kumar, and S. Panigrahi
 Agricultural and Food Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, West Bengal, India
The novel concept of distributing the food super chilled (partially frozen) in order to prolong the shelf life has been suggested in the project. The temperature of the distribution chain is envisaged to be +5C. The suggested application has the following advantages: 1) Partial thawing of the product in the distribution chain makes it easier to handle. 2) The unhealthy and labour-demanding ...
S. Saeid and F.B.J. Barends
Technical University of Delft, Delft, The Netherlands
Deltares and TU-Delft, Delft, The Netherlands
One of the crucial topics in this century is sustainable energy. In this respect, the exploitation of geothermal energy from deep hot aquifers becomes opportune. Hence, insight is required in the heat balance of potential aquifer systems. Essential issues are convection, conduction and dispersion. This article focuses on Lauwerier’s problem. As an extension, it is suggested that beside ...
Dynamic Observation of Magnetic Particles in Continuous Flow Devices by Tunneling Magnetoresistance Sensors
A. Weddemann, A. Auge, F. Wittbracht, C. Albon, and A. Hütten
Department of Physics, Thin Films and Physics of Nanostructures, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany
Dynamic measurement of magnetic particles in continuous flow devices is made very difficult by the limitations imposed by the sensors themselves. Thus, certain sensor layouts are restricted to either number sensitive or spatial resolutive measurements of magnetic particles. We investigate different new strategies to increase the detection threshold and introduce designs accomplishing both: ...
Screening Effects in Probing the Electric Double Layer by Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy
R.F. Hamou, P.U. Biedermann, A. Erbe, and M. Rohwerder
Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany
A computational method is developed to study probing the electric double layer by Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy. The model is based on a modified Poisson- Boltzmann equation, which takes into account steric effects. We investigated the effect of metallic apex protrusion and the Open Circuit Potential (OCP) of the tip on the probed potential. A clear electrostatic screening effect ...
COMSOL Multiphysics® as a Tool for Reducing Animals in Biomedical Research: An Application in Dermatology
F. Rossi and R. Pini
Istituto di Fisica Applicata “Nello Carrara”, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Firenze, Italy
In biomedical research the use of animal models gives rise to several ethical problems. COMSOL Multiphysics® may be used as a non-animal technique, very useful in overcoming all these concerns. In this presentation a particular application in dermatology is shown. Bioheat equation mode and diffusion approximation were used to design a theoretical model of blue LED light interaction with an ...
B. Baudouy and F. Visentin
CEA, Irfu, SACM, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
The construction of high magnetic field superconducting coils requires the use of low temperature superconductors that must be cooled down to liquid helium temperature (4.2 K). Natural two-phase convection loops, i.e. thermosiphon loop, are used as cooling system for large superconducting magnets mainly because of its passive nature. The study present a thermohydraulics model realized with ...
M. Baù, V. Ferrari, and D. Marioli
Department of Electronics for Automation, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy
A contactless electromagnetic principle for the excitation of mechanical vibrations in resonant structures has been investigated. The principle relies on no specific magnetic property of the resonator except electrical conductivity and can be adopted for employing the structures as resonant sensors for measurements either in environments not compliant with the requirements of active electronics ...
J.L.Wilson, and R. Dwivedi
New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, New Mexico, USA
Geothermally driven natural convection in enclosures is a ubiquitous process occurring in many physical environments such as caves, mines, etc. We have numerically simulated laminar and turbulent natural convection in isolated air-filled cavities, buried in a more conductive rock mass. We have modeled heat transfer using COMSOL's Convection and Conduction mode. To better understand the ...
A. Freni, and F. Cipiti
CNR- Institute for Advanced Energy Technologies “Nicola Giordano”, Messina, Italy
In this paper, a 3D dynamic simulation for a portion of a metal hydride-based (LaNi5) hydrogen storage tank is presented. The model is based on heat and mass balances and considers coupled heat and mass transfer resistance through a non-uniform pressure and temperature sorbent bed. The governing equations were implemented and solved using the COMSOL Multiphysics software package. The simulation ...