G. Poulain, D. Blanc, A. Kaminski, B. Semmache, and M. Lemiti
Université de Lyon: Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon INL, CNRS, INSA de Lyon, Villeurbanne, France
SEMCO Eng., Montpellier Cedex 5 - France
Silicon solar cells still require cost reduction and improved efficiency to become more competitive. New architectures can provide a significant increase in efficiency, but today most of the approaches need additional processing steps. In this context, laser processing offers a unique way to replace technological steps like photolithography that is not compatible with the requirements of the ...
Z. Liang, Z. Meng, K. Jie, Y. Benxi
Institute of Optics and Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, China
Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
This paper introduces the concept, research methods and application of photonic crystals. Starting from Maxwell's equations, the functional form of the TE mode and TM mode of the 2D crystal is derived. In 2D crystal, according to the functional forms, we conduct some stimulation about two-demensional photonic crystal with line-defect and dot-defect, forming some results as following: 1. ...
A. Haidary, P. Grütter, Y. Miyahara
Physics Department, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
A wide variety of near-field optical phenomena such as apertureless near-field scanning microscopy (ANSM) at optical and terahertz (THz) regimes and surface enhanced Raman scattering relies on the electric field enhancement at the end of a sharp tip. Achieving and controlling this electric field enhancement is a key challenge for a wide range of applications such as surface modification, data ...
P. F. Gomes, R. G. e Souza, F. Beltrán-Mejía, J. L. G. Arango
Universidade Federal de Goiás, Jataí, GO, Brazil
Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil
Universidad de Pamplona, Pamplona, Colômbia
We used COMSOL Multiphysics® software to calculate the mode distribution by numerically solving the wave equation in the fiber. We consider the transmission from the fiber 1 to the fiber 2. In the first case, the transmission was calculated as function of the wavelength of the propagated mode. We observed that the transmission for the fundamental mode on fiber 2 has a maximum at the same ...
M. Mattheakis, C. Athanasopoulos, G. P. Tsironis
University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece
We present numerical simulations for the propagation of surface plasmon polaritons in a dielectric-metal-dielectric waveguide using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. We show that the use of an active dielectric with gain that compensates metal absorption losses enhances substantially plasmon propagation. Furthermore, the introduction of the active material induces, for a specific gain value, a ...
Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
Dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have received tremendous attention as alternative photon harvesting devices. While the sintered TiO2 nanoparticle network attached with dye molecules achieves efficient photon absorption, the electrons have to diffuse through the long TiO2 network to reach the contact, resulting in a high electron density and thus increased recombination. Extensive research ...
School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing, China
Design and optimization of the nanophotonic devices are critical in realizing advanced photonic integrations in the future. COMSOL can be used for simulating various types of nanophotonic devices involving different materials and dimensions. This report talks about some recent work of Prof. Zheng’s team, including the simulation of dielectric photonic waveguides, optic fibers and surface plasmon ...
R. Asapu , S. W. Verbruggen , N. Claes , S. Bals , S. Denys , S. Lenaerts ,
 Department of Bioscience Engineering, DuEL Research Group, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium
 Department of Bioscience Engineering, DuEL Research Group, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium; Center for Surface Chemistry and Catalysis, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
 Department of Physics, EMAT Research Group, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium
Silver nanoparticles are valuable in the field of plasmonics since silver has a higher field enhancement factor compared to other metals that possess plasmonic properties. The plasmonic properties of silver nanoparticles can be finely tuned to the incident light wavelength through their size, shape and dielectric environment, and they have long-term stability. In this work, an ultrathin polymer ...
T. Hutter, S. Mahajan, S. R. Elliott
University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
Plasmons, i.e. the collective oscillations of electrons in a metallic nano-structure, lead to strong light scattering, absorption and an enhancement of the local electromagnetic field. In this work, the local electric-field enhancement in a system of dielectric nanoparticles placed very near to a metallic substrate is studied and discussed. Finite-element numerical simulations were used in ...
H. Kwon, R. Huancaya
Andrews University, Berrien Springs, MI, USA
Vein visualization systems such as the VeinViewer are vein-contrast enhancement devices that use an infrared camera to highlight blood or the underlying vasculature and project the image in real time onto the skin. Understanding the light propagation in a realistic skin model is critical, but only a few computational models have been developed to account for this particular system. We have ...