Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling Ferrofluid Flow in an Annular Gap Moving with Reciprocating Shaft

Y. He[1], R. Nilssen[1]
[1]Department of Electric Power Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

Ferrofluids have been successfully used in the seals for rotary shafts, but few studies focus on the reciprocating motion seals. Since the completely different operational regimes, previous experiences on the rotary motions could not be directly applied on the cases for reciprocating shafts. In this study, we present a simplified model to describe the process that a shaft linearly moving in a ...

Modelling of a 5 Cell Intermediate Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell (IT-PEFC) Stack: Analysis of Flow Configuration and Heat Transfer

A.S. Chandan[1], A. Mossadegh Pour[2], R. Steinberger-Wilckens[2]
[1]Centre for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
[2]University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells (PEFCs) are a key technology in the advancement of society towards a low carbon future, in particular for use within the automotive sector. PEFCs are advantageous due to their low operating temperature (60-80 deg.C), quick start up times and responsiveness to load change. However, the requirement for expensive platinum, difficulty of water management and heat ...

Design of Precision Magnetic Fields for Fundamental Neutron Symmetries

M. Higginson-Rollins[1], C. Crawford[2]
[1]Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA
[2]Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA

The traditionally magnetic design process involves guessing at a reasonable conductor geometry, using finite element analysis (FEA) software to calculate the resulting fields, and modifying the configuration iteratively to reach an acceptable solution. Taking the opposite approach, we developed a method of calculating the conductor geometry as a function of the desired magnetic field. This method ...

H2SO4 Catalysis: Perspective and Opportunities for Reducing SO2 Emissions

P. L. Mills[1], A. Nagaraj[2]
[1]Department of Chemical & Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA
[2]Department of Environmental Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA

Introduction: Development of next-generation chemical processes that have zero emissions is a key environmental objective for sustainable development. The manufacture of H2SO4 by the air oxidation of SO2 to SO3 is an important technology where an opportunity exists for new catalyst development and process innovation by reducing emissions of unconverted SO2 in process reactor tail gases owing to ...

Modeling of Wettability Alteration during Spontaneous Imbibition of Mutually Soluble Solvents in Mixed Wet Fractured Reservoirs

M. Chahardowli[1], H. Bruining[1]
[1]Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

Mutually-soluble solvents can enhance oil recovery both in completely and partially water wet fractured reservoirs. When a strongly or partially water-wet matrix is surrounded by an immiscible wetting phase in the fracture, spontaneous imbibition is the most important production mechanism. Initially, the solvent moves with the imbibing brine into the core. However, upon contact with oil, as the ...

Simulation of Nuclear Radiation based Energy Harvesting Device using Piezoelectric Transducer

R. Prakash, K. M. V. Swamy, and B. G. Sheeparamatti
Basaveshwara Engineering College
Bagalkot, Karnataka,

MEMS(Microelectromechanical systems) based energy harvesting is process of extracting energy from natural resources in small amounts. Here, number of (millions) small energy harvesting modules lead to substancial energy. In this design, a piezoelectric material is used to scavenge energy from natural resources like radioactive source. COMSOL Multiphysics is used to model and simulate a ...

Chip Drop After Silver Sintering Process

M.H. Poech[1], M. Weiß[1], and K. Gruber[1]

[1]Fraunhofer Institute for Silicon Technology, Itzehoe, Germany

Since a couple of years, sintering becomes more and more important for power electronics. To press a semiconductor under high temperature in silver paste on a substrate promises benefits for durability. Tests with semiconductors of different thickness expose some problems. After the cool down, some of them fall slightly from the substrate. Stress in the boundary layer, caused by different ...

Compressional Waves Generation in Droplets of Water Deposited on a Quartz Crystal

G. Couturier, R. Boisgard, C. Jai, and J.P. Aimé
Université Bordeaux

In this paper, we investigate the compressional wave generation in droplets and use different techniques to correlate the compressional wave generation to the shape of the droplets. Results show a good correlation between eigenmodes predicted by the theory and those experimentally observed.

Simulation of Electromagnetic Stirrers and Brakes Applied in the Metallurgical Field

C. Mapelli
Politecnico di Milano

The control of the flux within continuous casting systems used in the metallurgical field can be obtained through the application of electromagnetic. The model here has been solved through a linear time-harmonic solver. The results of the electromagnetic model have then been applied to the fluid-mechanics model through volume Lorentz forces.

Modeling of the Heating of pre-Ionized Gases with Short Laser Pulses using COMSOL Multiphysics

S. Wieneke, S. Brückner, and W. Viöl
University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Göttingen, Germany

The heating-up of existing dense plasma with short laser pulses is modelled with COMSOL Multiphysics. The interaction between plasma and the laser beam as a longitudinally pumped light source is discussed. The required properties of the plasma, according to the radial profiles of the temperature and the density, are exemplified.

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