Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Benchmarking Tailored Formulations of Multiphase Flow in Porous Media

Á. Sainz [1,2], A. Nardi [1], E. Abarca [1], F. Grandía [1]
[1] Amphos 21 Consulting S.L., Barcelona, Spain
[2] Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France

Nowadays, gas and nuclear waste storage, shale gas and EOR exploitation rise the need to understand and predict the fate of multiphase flows in the underground. Various formulations for multiphase flow arise from different linear combinations of governing equations and choice of associated unknowns. Each formulation has its own benefits and drawbacks; and the optimal may vary depending on the ...

The Use of COMSOL Multiphysics® Software to Explore Flooding and Rising Dampness Problems Related to Cultural Heritage

H.L. Schellen [1], A.W.M. van Schijndel [1],
[1] Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands

In The Netherlands rising dampness problems due to flooding of rivers and high groundwater levels form an essential treat for monumental buildings and heritage. A number of cases exists where rising dampness problems lead to the deterioration of wall finishes but also of valuable wall paintings in churches and castles. To explore the problem and to look for solutions like drying regimes, ...

Asymmetry Induced Terminal Voltage Improvement in Mg2Si-based Thermoelectric Unicouple

P. Priyadarshi [1], J. Bahl [1], B. Muralidharan [1]
[1] Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India

Thermoelectric power generation has been envisioned as a clean energy alternative to conventional thermal to electric power generation for decades due to its noiseless and low-cost operation. However, a typical thermoelectric generator suffers from low device efficiency, so it has been a constant endeavor for thermoelectric researchers’ community to consider alternate thermoelectric materials ...

Finite Element Method as an aid to machine design: A Computational Tool

C. Gupta[1], S. Marwaha[1], and M. Manna[1]
[1] Department of Electrical & Instrumentation Engineering, SLIET , Longowal (Deemed University), Punjab, India

The paper provides an overview of the state of art in computational electromagnetic. There are three major ar eas like Design, optimization and material selection for the electric machines. The computational tool based on finite elements is very useful and powerful field simulation techniques available to assist in the design and performance prediction of electric machines. But the complexity ...

Influence of Electrode Kinetics on Lithium-ion Battery Characteristics

H. Machrafi[1,2], S. Cavadias[2]
[1]University of Liège, Thermodynamics of Irreversible Phenomena, Liège, Belgium
[2]University Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratoire des Procédés Plasma et Traitement de Surface, Paris, France

The purpose of this work is to show whether an important difference in Lithium solid concentration and electrolyte concentration can be observed in a Lithium-ion battery model, when considering either the Butler-Volmer kinetics or the Tafel kinetics for describing the electrode kinetics (including a boundary layer between the electrolyte and the electrode particles). During discharge, the ...

Numerical Investigation of Micronozzle Performance for Various Nozzle Geometries - new

P. A. Haris[1], T. Ramesh[1]
[1]National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India

Design and manufacture of thrusters for producing very low thrust force in the range of milli or micro newtons using micronozzles has been actively developed in the last decade. The nature of propellant flow in such micronozzles differs from that of macro nozzles. In micronozzles, viscous effect dominates; hence the flow is always in laminar regime with high viscous losses. Objective of this ...

Modeling of Space-Charge Effects in 3D Thermionic Devices

P. Zilio [1], W. Raja [2], A. Alabastri [3], R. Proietti Zaccaria [2]
[1] Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Italy
[2] Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Italy
[3] Rice University, USA

The formation of space charge clouds is a well known problem that affects thermionic emitters in regimes of high current emission. Although some analytical models have been presented, suitable for 1D geometries, the modeling of the problem in complex 3D structures remains a challenge due to the mutual coupling between electron trajectories and field they produce. Here we propose a model able to ...

Keyhole Behavior During Spot Laser Welding

V. Bruyere [1], C. Touvrey [2], P. Namy [1]
[1] SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
[2] CEA DAM, Is-sur-Tille, France

The formation of porosities in spot laser welding depends on complex thermo-hydraulic phenomena. To understand and control these mechanisms, the COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to model both the interaction and cooling stages of an isolated impact made with a Nd:YAG pulsed laser. The model is based on the Phase Field method in order to apprehend the evolution of the liquid-gas interface ...

Optics at the Nanoscale: Merging Nanoparticles with Light

Naomi Halas
Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Chemistry and Bioengineering,
Rice University, Houston, TX, USA

Dr. Naomi Halas is currently Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Chemistry, and Bioengineering at Rice University. She is the inventor of nanoshells, nanoparticles with optical resonances spanning the visible and infrared regions of the spectrum. She is co-founder of a company developing nanoshell-based cancer therapy. She is author of more than 150 refereed publications, more than ...

Modeling Implementation of Smart Materials such as Shape Memory Alloys and Electro-Active Metamaterials

Manuel Collet
Femto-STInstitute UMR CNRS 6174 Dept Applied Mechanics,
Besancon, France

Manuel Collet is a member of the Department of Applied Mechanics of the FEMTO-ST Institute. He graduated with a degree in Mechanical Engineering from Ecole Centrale de Lyon in 1992 and obtained his PhD in 1996 about Active control of vibrating structures by mean of semi distributed piezoelectric patches. His main research lines currently involve smart structures and active Control, ...