COMSOL Multiphysics® as a Tool to Increase Safety in the Handling of Acetylene Cylinders Involved in Fires
F. Ferrero, M. Beckmann-Kluge, and K. Holtappels
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing Division II.1 “Gases, Gas Plants”, Berlin, Germany
In this paper a mathematical model for predicting the heating-up of an acetylene cylinder involved in a fire is presented. In the simulations polynomial functions were used to describe the temperature dependency of the thermal properties of the cylinder interior, which is a complex system composed by a solid porous material, a solvent and acetylene dissolved in it. Model equations covered heat ...
Use of COMSOL to Estimate the Thermal Properties and Kinetic Parameters for the Degradation of Anthocyanins in Grape Pomace
D.K. Mishra, and K.D. Dolan[1,2]
 Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Michigan State University
 Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University
Degradation of components in low-moisture and high-temperature food is difficult to model because of the temperature gradient and long heating time. A method was developed to estimate the thermal properties of grape pomace and the rate constant and activation energy of anthocyanin degredation.
F. K. Chung, Y. L. Wang, C. H. Chen
Department of Mold and Die Engineering, National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences, Kaohsiung , Taiwan
In this study, a model cast in COMSOL Multiphysics has been developed for the analysis of heat transfer and phase change during laser-assisted direct imprinting processes. The features of this model include the employment of temperature-dependent thermal properties, the use of equivalent specific heat for the treatment of latent heat of fusion, automatically switching the thermal contact ...
M. Zalesak, and V. Gerlich
Tomas Bata University in Zlin, Zlin, Czech Republic
The study presents first authors experience with COMSOL Multiphysics environment used as a possible modeling tool of thermal building behavior. The idea of the project was to gain thermal response to changed boundary conditions with the application of COMSOL environment as a modeling tool for 3D buildings or 3D building segments. The room as building segment was implemented in the COMSOL ...
D. Guo, A. McGaughey, G. Fedder, M. Lee, and S. Yao
Carnegie Mellon University
Micro-scale devices based on the Stirling cycle are an attractive choice for chip- and board-level electronics. A new Stirling cycle micro-refrigeration system composed of arrays of silicon MEMS cooling elements has been designed. COMSOL is used to evaluate the thermal performance of the system. Simulation of compressible flow and heat transfer with a large deformed mesh has been successfully ...
R. Tosh, and H. Chen-Mayer
Accurate metrology of radiotherapeutic absorbed dose to water requires assessing the radiation induced temperature change. The most direct method for doing this is water calorimetry, for which the established technique involves the use of slender thermistor probes that are sealed within a glass vessel containing high-purity water. The probes and vessel perturb the radiation field, via ...
X. Xu, T. Patel, R.W. Hoyt
U.S. Army Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA, USA
A human torso model was created for heat transfer analysis. The torso was derived from the ‘Virtual Family’ whole-body voxel data from the ITIS Foundation (Zurich, Switzerland). Measurements were taken from the ITIS male along the axial plane at key anatomical landmarks and used to develop geometry in Solidworks. Individual components were created to represent the skin, fat, muscle, and bone ...
Y. Patil, D. Krishnan, S. S. Khirwadkar
Institute for plasma research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
Divertor is act as an exhaust for the nuclear fusion reactor. Main function of a divertor is to remove the heat flux from the plasma. Plasma facing components of the divertor are made up of Carbon (Graphite/CFC) and tungsten like materials. Hence these materials are exposed to the transient heat loads up to 10MW/m^2. Thermo mechanical behavior of Graphite test mock-up under the transient heat ...
Use of Simulation in the Development of Next-generation Measurement Standards for Radiation Dosimetry
R. E. Tosh, H. Chen-Mayer
NIST, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
Calibration of field instruments used in radiation treatment clinics is currently traceable to NIST primary standards via protocols involving static, flat-field radiation beams. By contrast, radiation beams prescribed for treating cancer incorporate temporal and spatial modulation strategies in order to maximize dose to the tumor while sparing healthy tissue. Differences in the detector ...
Ramirez, J.C., Cristea, P., Stan, M.
Materials Science & Technology Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory
The nuclear reaction is modeled as a uniformly distributed volumetric heat source. All heat is conducted from the fuel towards the outer surface of the cladding. A number of results are presented.