Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Evaporation Induced Convection Under a Gas Channel

H. Machrafi[1], A. Rednikov[2], P. Colinet[2], P.C. Dauby[1]
[1]University of Liège, Thermodynamics of Irreversible Phenomena, Institut de Physique, Liège, Belgium
[2]Universite Libre de Bruxelles, TIPs - Fluid Physics, Bruxelles, Belgium

This work falls into the framework of an ESA experiment, which consists of observing the behavior of patterns and structures that can be formed after instability onset in a HFE7100 liquid layer, evaporating into a nitrogen gas flow. This study is performed by a three-dimensional numerical simulation of the transient temperature and fluid motion. The results show that first several small rolls are ...

Modeling of Coupled Mass and Heat Transfer and Expansion During Baking of Bread in a Mould

V. Nicolas[1], C. Doursat[2], D. Grenier[1], T. Lucas[1], D. Flick[2]
[1]Institut de recherche en sciences et technologies pour l'environnement et l'agriculture, Rennes, France
[2]AgroParisTech, UMR1145 Ingénierie Procédés Aliments, Massy, France

Bread is a food product which various complex physico-chemical phenomena occur during the cooking process. Thus, phenomena of heat and mass transfer are coupled to the deformation. In addition, bread is a multiphase product (solid, liquid and vapor) and composed of various components (dry matter, water, air and carbon dioxide). A 2D model is developed with COMSOL Multiphysics® 4.3b witch ...

3D COMSOL Multiphysics® Model of a Plate Heat Exchanger to Support a Laboratory Teaching Environment

N. Medeiros[1], W. Clark[1]
[1]Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

Chemical engineering students and practitioners need an understanding of fluid flow and heat transfer inside heat exchangers. Because the flow within plate heat exchangers is difficult to visualize, we developed COMSOL Multiphysics® simulations of plate heat exchangers for students to study alongside a physical heat exchanger in a laboratory setting. Simulative experiments allow students to ...

Convective Cooling of Electronic Components

J. S. Crompton[1], H. Singh[1], K. Koppenhoefer[1]
[1]AltaSim Technologies, LLC, Columbus, OH, USA

In response to continued miniaturization and increased multi-functionality of electronic circuits, the number of integrated circuit (IC) packages on the circuit board continues to increase. As a consequence the operating power density increases and significant increases in the operating temperature of devices result. To maintain operation and long term performance device temperature must be ...

Heat Propagation Improvement in YBCO-Coated Conductors for Superconducting Fault Current Limiters

D. M. Djokic[1], L. Antognazza[1], M. Abplanalp[2], M. Decroux[1]
[1]DPMC, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
[2]ABB Corporate Research Centre, Dättwil, Switzerland

YBCO Coated Conductors (CCs), used for applications in Resistive Superconducting Fault Current Limiters (RSFCLs), are known to have insufficiently high Normal Zone Propagation Velocity (NZPV) during quench events. The improvement can be made by enhancing the thermal conductivity of YBCO-CCs with no decrease in the electrical resistivity. We studied the advantage of multilayered structures grown ...

Heat Transfer During a CW Laser Crystallisation Process of a Silicon Thin Film on a Glass Substrate

Bourouga, B.1, Le Meur, G.1, Garnier, B.1, Michaud, J.F.2, Mohammed-Brahim, T.2
1 Laboratoire de Thermocinétique de Nantes
2 IETR – Groupe de Microélectronique-Université Rennes I

Development of new handling microsystems needs integration of field effect thin film transistors made directly on various low temperature substrates, as glass for example, with other functions. Argon laser is used to melt completely and then to crystallize 400 nm thick amorphous silicon films. However, the implementation of this process generates cracking and destruction of the silicon thin film ...

Modeling of the Bread Baking Process Using Moving Boundary and Arbitrary-Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) Approaches

C. Anandharamakrishnan, N. Chhanwal, P. Karthik, D. Indrani, and K.S.M.S. Raghavarao
Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, Karnataka, India

Bread baking is a complex process where various physiochemical and biological transformations take place simultaneously. A two dimensional model was developed for the bread baking process taking into account of volume expansion, heat and mass transfer processes. Phase change and evaporation-condensation mechanism were incorporated by defining thermo-physical properties of bread as a function of ...

Laser Welding of a Titanium Feed Through

H. Viatge
SORIN Group, France

In all implantable medical devices, one main challenge is to assure no water penetrates in the electronic part of the system. To be able to transmit the electronic information from the inside of the device to the lead without any water infiltration, we used a complex part called feed through. This piece is made of four different materials: titanium, alumina, gold and platinum. It is ...

Simulation of Radiation Dose from Diagnostic X-ray Beams

H. Chen-Mayer[1], R. E. Tosh[1]
[1]NIST, Gaithersburg, MD, USA

Direct realization of absorbed dose to water in diagnostic radiation via calorimetric methods poses many challenges since the thermal signal of interest may be less than a few microKelvin. In actual biological systems or structures, like the lung, there is the additional complication of tissue heterogeneity, which introduces a quasi-random component to the dose distribution, hence to thermal ...

Numerical Modeling of the Original and Advanced TEMKIN Reactor for Catalysis Experiments in Laboratory Scale

D. Götz[1], M. Kuhn[1], P. Claus[1]
[1]Ernst-Berl-Institute/Chemical Technology II, Darmstadt, Germany

Many industrial, especially heterogeneously catalysed, processes are characterised by a strong interaction between the reaction kinetics and transport phenomena. Because experiments in laboratory scale can be very time- and cost-intensive, Temkin and Kul’kova developed a new reactor design for the direct testing of industrial catalysts. Based on this concept of linearly alternating catalyst ...

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