A. Samba, N. Omar, H. Gualous, Y. Firouz, O. Capron, M. Abdel MonemO, J. Smekens, P. Van den Bossche, J. Van Mierlo
VUB ETEC, Brussel, Belgium and UCBN, LUSAC, Cherbourg, France
VUB ETEC, Brussel, Belgium
UCBN, LUSAC, Cherbourg, France
Multi-Scale and Multi-Dimensional (MSMD) modeling approaches have been proposed to simulate the thermal, electrical distributions and concentration behaviors of large size pouch cell. This approach is based on coupling of the energy balance with the Newman’s electrode model. Newman’s 1D electrochemical model is often used for small size batteries but not sufficient enough for large size where ...
J. Vukasin , I. Crassous , B. Morel , J. Sanchez-Marcano , P. Namy 
 HRP, AREVA NC, France
 Institut Européen des Membranes - CNRS, France
 Simtec, France
In the nuclear fuel cycle, fluorine is produced by the electrolysis of the molten salt KF-2HF. It is a complex process to study since hydrofluoric acid and fluorine are hazardous and highly corrosive. A 3D-model of a lab-scale fluorine electrolysis cell has been developed to increase our understanding of this process, using the electric currents and the bubbly flow interfaces to simulate the ...
J. S. Crompton , H. Spencer , J. Thomas , K. Koppenhoefer 
 AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA
 Seal Well, Calgary, AB, Canada
Pre-existing oil and gas wells and well bores represent highly permeable pathways for leakage of greenhouse gases; in Alberta alone leaks have been estimated to provide the equivalent of 3.5 million tonnes of CO2 per annum. In addition to abandoned wells without plugs, gas leakage may occur when the integrity of wells is compromised by a variety of factors including incomplete construction or ...
R. Kher , C. Gallaschun , D. Crockill , R. Pillai , ,
 Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Air supply hoses are also predominantly used in the medical industry to aid in patient oxygen intake. In many situations, the outside of the hose can be contaminated with chemicals, especially if the hose lies on the ground in an environment where chemicals are easily found. Permeation and transport of chemicals into the walls of air supply hoses is a noteworthy problem in the chemical ...
F. Motte, and C. Cristofari
University of Corsica
Laboratory of Vignola
A new concept of solar water collector, highly building integrated has been developed and patented. This collector is hidden into a drainpipe and is totally invisible from the ground level. The drainpipe keeps its water evacuation function. Each installation is composed of several modules serial connected. An experimental wall has been build to test the thermal performances of the instalation ...
F. Alzahrani, F. Aiouache
Engineering Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
This work used the 3D CFD modeling to investigate non-uniform deactivation in packed bed reactors of low aspect ratios under steady state and dynamic operations. In order to explore the effects of condition of instability on local deactivation, detailed knowledge of flow dynamics (i.e. local structure of the packed bed, pressure drops and interstitial flow in the void space), heat and mass rate ...
Massachusetts Institute of Technology: Lincoln Laboratory, Lexington, MA, USA
In this numerical study, surface acoustic waves (SAWs) are evaluated as a potential disruptive flow technology for enhancing heat transfer in microchannels. Using COMSOL Multiphysics® software, the physics governing acoustics, single-phase-fluid flow and heat transfer are coupled. The results show that acoustic streaming can disrupt the bulk fluid flow, creating rotating vortices within the ...
Improvement of a Steady State Method of Thermal Interface Material Characterization by Use of a Three Dimensional FEA Simulation in COMSOL
B. Sponagle, D. Groulx
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
An FEA model of a steady state thermal interface material characterization apparatus was created in COMSOL Multiphysics 4.2a. This model was then fitted using three convection heat loss coefficients and the conductance of the TIM layer to a set of experimental measurements made using a steady state apparatus. It was shown that the model successfully matched the measured temperature values and ...
基于 Level-Set 界面跟踪方法建立了激光熔覆过程的三维瞬态数值模型，研究了瞬态熔化和凝固过程中传热传质的演化规律。该模型使用 Level-Set 方法跟踪熔池气/液界面，采用焓－多孔度（enthalpy-porosity）方法得到了固/液界面之间的糊状区，并考虑了质量添加、材料熔化/凝固、热毛细效应（Marangoni效应）、浮力效应、活性元素质量传输等对熔池流动和界面的影响。通过该模型，具体分析了质量添加、力和界面平衡条件对熔池气/液界面的影响，以及由熔池温度/浓度分布引起的热毛细效应、金属材料的熔/凝过程和熔池流动形式对熔池固/液界面的影响。结果表明：熔池的气/液界面主要由力平衡条件决定，截面近似为圆弧型，其尺寸与单位时间的质量添加量相关。熔池的固/液形态由于熔池的表面温度梯度和表面活性元素含量共同引起的熔池流动方向和速度的变化，出现三种不同的类型，分别为下凹型（熔池内流） ...
S. N. Das, G. Bose
Centurion University of Technology and Managment, Jatani, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India
Institute of Technical Education and Research, SOA University, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India
This paper describes the characteristics of MEMS microchannel and various issues of its designing. Here the major parameters are pressure drop and heat transfer rate. Various structures are modeled and optimized to get a minimum pressure drop and maximum heat transfer rate. The simulation results provide the characterization for Temperature, Mass flow rate, Pressure drop and Reynolds number. ...