S.-K. Kim1, S.-R. Kim2, and J. Kim1
1Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences (KIRAMS), Korea
2Hanil Nuclear Co., Ltd., Korea
The large-scale production of various radioisotopes is usually carried out with a disk type target system in which solid target materials are located in a stack and a cooled by forced water-cooling. Although the production yields of radioisotopes can be enhanced by employing high currents of proton beams, the maximum beam powers (beam energy multiplied by beam currents) deposited on targets is ...
A. Talic, S. Cerimovic, F. Kohl, R. Beigelbeck, F. Keplinger, and J. Schalko[1,2]
Research Unit for Integrated Sensor Systems, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Wr. Neustadt, Austria
Institute of Sensor and Actuator Systems, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria
In this work, we present simulations of a novel micromachined calorimetric flow sensor using COMSOL Multiphysics. The sensor is based on four germanium thermistors that serve as heat sources and as temperature sensors simultaneously. In operational mode, the heated membrane is cooled by any passing flow and the local cooling rate depends on the flow velocity. The simulation results demonstrate ...
Modeling of the Bread Baking Process Using Moving Boundary and Arbitrary-Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) Approaches
C. Anandharamakrishnan, N. Chhanwal, P. Karthik, D. Indrani, and K.S.M.S. Raghavarao
Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, Karnataka, India
Bread baking is a complex process where various physiochemical and biological transformations take place simultaneously. A two dimensional model was developed for the bread baking process taking into account of volume expansion, heat and mass transfer processes. Phase change and evaporation-condensation mechanism were incorporated by defining thermo-physical properties of bread as a function of ...
SORIN Group, France
In all implantable medical devices, one main challenge is to assure no water penetrates in the electronic part of the system. To be able to transmit the electronic information from the inside of the device to the lead without any water infiltration, we used a complex part called feed through. This piece is made of four different materials: titanium, alumina, gold and platinum. It is ...
Solution of Inverse Thermal Problem for Assessment of Thermal Parameters of Engineered H2 Storage Materials
I. Fedchenia, and B. van Hassel
United Technologies Research Center
East Hartford, CT
Materials based H2 storage systems for light duty vehicles need to meet challenging performance targets that have been developed by the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership. On-board reversible metal hydrides are typically integrated with heat transfer surfaces, e.g. in fin and tube heat exchangers, in order to reject the heat of H2 absorption at a high rate which is set by the refueling time ...
H. Chen-Mayer, R. E. Tosh
NIST, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
Direct realization of absorbed dose to water in diagnostic radiation via calorimetric methods poses many challenges since the thermal signal of interest may be less than a few microKelvin. In actual biological systems or structures, like the lung, there is the additional complication of tissue heterogeneity, which introduces a quasi-random component to the dose distribution, hence to thermal ...
S. Dalrymple, R. Heslop
C-Tech Innovation Ltd. , Capenhurst, United Kingdom
Ohmic heating is a volumetric heating technology which can effectively process almost any pumpable fluid with extremely high energy efficiency (>95%). This is particularly useful for very thick fluids, those that burn on to hot surfaces and those with high solids content which would cause difficulties for conventional heating techniques. Processing of animal by-products (ABP) faces all these ...
3D COMSOL Multiphysics® Model of a Plate Heat Exchanger to Support a Laboratory Teaching Environment
N. Medeiros, W. Clark
Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
Chemical engineering students and practitioners need an understanding of fluid flow and heat transfer inside heat exchangers. Because the flow within plate heat exchangers is difficult to visualize, we developed COMSOL Multiphysics® simulations of plate heat exchangers for students to study alongside a physical heat exchanger in a laboratory setting. Simulative experiments allow students to ...
D. M. Djokic, L. Antognazza, M. Abplanalp, M. Decroux
DPMC, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
ABB Corporate Research Centre, Dättwil, Switzerland
YBCO Coated Conductors (CCs), used for applications in Resistive Superconducting Fault Current Limiters (RSFCLs), are known to have insufficiently high Normal Zone Propagation Velocity (NZPV) during quench events. The improvement can be made by enhancing the thermal conductivity of YBCO-CCs with no decrease in the electrical resistivity. We studied the advantage of multilayered structures grown ...
J.A. Ospina and E. Canuto
Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
The research project under which the COMSOL simulations are performed deals with multilayer and fine thermal control of an optical reference cavity for space applications. The cavity, made of Ultra Low Expansion glass (Corning ULE), must be kept close to the zero expansion temperature of the glass (close to room temperature). The target can only be met by active control, while leaving the cavity ...