Faculty of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea
COMSOL Multiphysics® software has been used in computational geodynamics for years. Because very high pressure in the mantle even significantly compressed the mantle up to ~40%, it is crucial to consider the mantle compressibility in computational geodynamics. COMSOL Multiphysics allows consideration of mantle compressibility using the CFD Module and I benchmarked COMSOL Multiphysics using ...
L.M. de Vries, A. Nardi, A.E. Idiart, P. Trinchero, J. Molinero, F. Vahlund, H. von Schenck
Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain
Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management, Stockholm, Sweden
The Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co (SKB) is responsible for final disposal of spent fuel and radioactive waste. SKB operates SFR, an underground waste repository in crystalline rock. The evolution of groundwater flow within the repository needs to be estimated considering different options for the design of the engineered barriers. The goal is to predict the effects of flow and ...
L. Meacci, A. Farina, F. Rosso, I. Borsi, M. Ceseri, and A. Speranza
Dipartimento di Matematica U. Dini, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
The problem is to understand how a geothermal field can evolve from a water dominated state into a vapor dominated one. A first answer to this question is given by a simplified mathematical model of the dynamics of a geothermal field in which the geothermal fluid is entirely composed by pure H2O. We considered a 1-D geometry and we developed a dynamic model that presents a clear interface ...
L. Wissmeier, and D. A.Barry
GIT HydroS Consult GmbH, Freiburg, Germany
EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
We present a software tool for simulations of subsurface flow and solute transport in combination with comprehensive intra-phase and inter-phase geochemistry. The software uses PHREEQC as a reaction engine to COMSOL Multiphysics®. The coupling with PHREEQC gives major advantages over COMSOL’s built-in reaction capabilities, i.e., the soil solution is speciated from its element composition ...
S. Hoyer, M. Bottig, F. Zekiri, G. Götzl, A.K. Brüstle, G. Schubert, A. Nador
Geological survey of Austria, Vienna, Austria
Geological Institute of Hungary, Budapest, Hungary
Temperature measurements of the subsurface are available due to hydrocarbon exploration in the project area, where the average drilling depth is about 2-4 km and the deepest well reaches about 8.5 km. Since the data is heavily uneven distributed, standard interpolation techniques did not deliver satisfying results. This is why numerical modeling was applied to assess the thermal regime of the ...
J. Rojo, S. Ognier, and S. Cavadias
Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés Plasmas et Traitements de Surfaces, University Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
A lot of techniques are developed to treat soils polluted by hydrocarbons pollutants: incineration, thermal treatment, extraction, chemical oxidation, bioremediation… Some of these techniques are very energy consuming (incineration, thermal treatment…) and often need a subsequent treatment of the generated gases or liquids. Of all the decontamination methods, bioremediation appears to be the ...
S. Zhang, M. Pal, P. Barthelemy, M. Lei
Visualization Sciences Group, Burlington, MA, USA
Shell International Exploration and Production, Rijswijk, The Netherlands
The mass and recoverability of oil and gas in unconventional reservoirs strongly depend on the understanding the petrophysical properties of the rocks at a large range of scales. Three-dimensional imaging is capable of unveiling the detailed microstructures within the rocks down to the nanometer scale. Using a multiscale imaging protocol, a Devonian shale rock sample with heterogeneities is ...
Estimation of Volcanic Deformation Source Parameters Through Optimization of Geodetic Data at Cotopaxi Volcano, Ecuador - new
J. Hickey, J. Gottsmann, P. Mothes
University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Instituto Geofísico, Escuela Politécnica Nacional, Quito, Ecuador
Volcanic eruptions are often preceded by periods of unrest, where the behavior of the volcano deviates from a background level towards one of increasing concern . Understanding what causes and contributes to unrest is a key challenge in volcanology today, influencing risk mitigation and hazard forecasting. Deformation of the volcanic edifice is one such indicator of unrest owing to a ...
N. Diaz, A. Jakob, L. Van Loon, and D. Grolimund
Paul Sherrer Institut NES/LES, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
Paul Sherrer Institut NES/SLS, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
Opalinus clay is currently being proposed as a potential host rock for radioactive waste repository in deep geological formation. It is then important for performance assessments to understand the transport properties of such rocks. Clay materials are characterized by low hydraulic conductivities and diffusion is assumed to be the main transport mechanism. The studied rock is a complex assembly ...
F. Pulvirenti, M. Aloisi, G. De Guidi, M. Mattia, and C. Monaco
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
Dipartimento di Scienze Geologiche, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy
Structural, morphological and ground deformation studies suggest that the eastern flank of Mt. Etna (eastern Sicily) is spreading seaward. Three contrasting models have been proposed: deep-seated spreading, shallow sliding and tectonic block movements. In order to better understand the kinematics of instability processes on eastern flank of Mt. Etna, a numerical simulation has been applied to a ...