Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Thermo-fluid Dynamics Modelling of Hydrogen Absorption and Desorption in a LaNi4.8Al0.2 Hydride Bed

D. Baldissin[1] and D. Lombardo[1]
[1]Compumat S.r.l., Torino, Italy

A two-dimensional mathematical model for the absorption and desorption of H2 in LaNi4.8Al0.2 was developed and experimentally validated. The model is composed of an energy balance, a mass balance and a momentum balance. These differential equations are numerically solved by means of the finite element method using the software COMSOL Multiphysics®. From a comparison between theoretical ...

Optimization of Flow Distribution in the Feed Sparger of a Steam Drum

P. Goyal[1], A. Dutta[1], and A. K. Ghosh[1]
[1] Reactor Safety Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Steam drums of a nuclear power plant separate steam from the steam water mixture and sub cooled incoming feed water returns to the reactor. The entire feed water flow is delivered to the steam drum through the feed water sparger. The feed water sparger is provided with number of inverted ‘j’ type lateral tubes to  distribute the feed water in the drum for proper mixing with the separated ...

Helium Two-Phase Flow in a Thermosiphon Open Loop

B. Baudouy[1] and F. Visentin[1]
[1]CEA, Irfu, SACM, Gif-sur-Yvette, France

The construction of high magnetic field superconducting coils requires the use of low temperature superconductors that must be cooled down to liquid helium temperature (4.2 K). Natural two-phase convection loops, i.e. thermosiphon loop, are used as cooling system for large superconducting magnets mainly because of its passive nature. The study present a thermohydraulics model realized with ...

Simulation of the Convective Heat Transfer and Working Temperature Field of a Photovoltaic Module Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

E. Ruiz-Reina[1] and M. Sidrach-de-Cardona[1]
[1]Departamento de Física Aplicada II, Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, Spain

The aim of this work is the Finite Element Analysis (FEA), by  using COMSOL Multiphysics®, of the convective heat transfer and working temperature field of a photovoltaic module under different wind conditions.

COMSOL Assistance For The Determination Of Pressure Drops In Complex Microfluidic Channels

J. Berthier, R. Renaudot, P. Dalle, G. Blanco-Gomez, F. Rivera, P. Caillat, and V. Agache
CEA-LETI, Grenoble, France

With the current trend towards always more complexity associated to more functionalities in biotechnological systems, it is required to know with accuracy the pressure drop in the circuitry of microfluidic systems. In general, a full three-dimensional calculation is not tractable due to the limited capacity of the computers. However, computational models can help to produce pressure drop ...

Aerodynamic Study For Air To Gas Leakage Reduction In A Typical Rotary Regenerative Air Preheater Of Coal-Fired Steam Generators

L. Ferravante[1], C. Zagano[1], and V. Marra[2]
[1]RSE S.p.A. - via Rubattino, Milano, Italy
[2]COMSOL S.r.l. - Via Vittorio Emanuele II, Brescia, Italy

The present study relates to the reduction of the amount of air to gas leakage in a typical rotary regenerative air preheater of coal-fired steam generators, by means of computational thermo-fluid-dynamics. Due to the gaps, or clearances, required for rotation, there is a significant amount of leakage of the higher pressure air to the lower pressure gas stream. This paper presents a turbulent ...

Wall Effect on A Spherical Particle Settling along The Axis of Cylindrical Tubes Filled with Carreau Model Fluids

D. Song[1], R. Gupta[1], and R. Chhabra[2]
[1]Dept. of Chemical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV
[2]Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India

The effect of finite boundaries on the drag experienced by a rigid sphere settling along the axis of cylindrical tubes filled with Carreau model fluids has been examined systematically over a wide range of condition. As expected, the presence of finite boundaries leads to an increase in the drag force exerted on a falling sphere thereby retarding its descent due to the obstruction caused by ...

Simplified Numerical Model of an Axial Impeller

A.-M. Georgescu[1], S.-C. Georgescu[2]
[1]Hydraulics and Environmental Protection Department, Technical University of Civil Engineering, Bucharest, Romania
[2]Hydraulics Department, University “Politehnica”, Bucharest, Romania

We propose a simplified numerical method to model the flow field downstream of an axial impeller. The method can be used for any axial hydraulic machinery for which, one is less interested by the flow between the blades, than by the flow field downstream of the machinery. The method is applied to an axial fan for which the pressure - flow rate curve is available. Numerical results are obtained ...

Numerical Analysis of Conjugate Heat Transfer in Foams

N. Bianco[1], R. Capuano[1], W.K.S. Chiu[2], S. Cunsolo[1], V. Naso[1], M. Oliviero[1]
[1]DETEC, Università degli Studi Federico II, Napoli, Italy
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA

A conjugate conductive-convective-radiative discrete model useful for the study and the simulation of heat transfer in a ceramic or metallic foam is presented. A Generation-based Technique is used for the foam representation, using the Weaire-Phelan structure and heat transfer is studied using the COMSOL Multiphysics. The computational domain is made up by a single cell and a fictitious inlet ...

Multiphysics Modeling of a Metal Foam

B. Chinè [1][3], M. Monno[2]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
[2]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
[3]Instituto Tecnologico de Costa Rica, Cartago, Costa Rica

Introduction: In metal foams production, nucleated gas bubbles expand in a heated metal in a mold, then the foam cool and solidify. Thereby energy, mass and momentum transfer mechanisms are present simultaneously in the system and must be taken into account. Metal foam (Figure 1) can be obtained by foaming a precursor, i.e. a mixing of aluminum (Al) powders with the blowing agent TiH2, placing ...