Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Improving the Sensoring of PEM Fuel Cell by Numerical Techniques - new

S. Skoda[1], E. Robalinho[2], E. F. Cunha[1], M. Linardi[1]
[1]Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares - IPEN/CNEN-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
[2]Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

The use of numerical techniques in PEM fuel cell sensoring represents an advantage of project engineering, reducing the costs and accelerating the manufacturing of prototypes. In this work some numerical responses are shown, relating to numerical sensoring of water and oxygen mole fractions at cathode of a 5 cm² of geometric area PEM fuel cell. The need to recognize a geometric figure of merit ...

Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristics in a Stirred Cell System for Crude Oil Fouling

M. Yang[1], A. Young[1], and B. Crittenden[1]

[1]Department of Chemical Engineering University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom

A small batch stirred cell which is operated at temperatures up to 400 °C and pressures up to 30 bar is used to study fouling behaviors of selected crude oils. COMSOL Multiphysics package is used for the CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) and heat transfer modeling for this stirred cell system. The simulation results are validated against the measured temperature data at various axial ...

Multiscale Simulation of a Photocatalytic Reactor for Water Treatment - new

A. Cockx[1], R. Degrave[1], P. Schmitz[1]
[1]University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France

This study deals with the 3D modeling of a light photocatalytic textile. This process aims to decontaminate industrial effluents such as water with pesticides. The present study describes the implementation of a reactive transport model in a computational fluid dynamics model developed on a Representative Volume Element (RVE) of the textile, i.e. at the microscopic scale. The final ...

Study of the CO2 Transfer Rate in a Reacting Flow for the Refined Sodium Bicarbonate Production Process

C. Wylock[1], A. Larcy[1], P. Colinet[1], T. Cartage[2], and B. Haut[1]
[1]Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
[2]Solvay S.A., Brussels, Belgium

This work deals with the quantification of the CO2 transfer rate from a bubble to the surrounding liquid in a bubble column. A model is successfully developed using COMSOL Multiphysics. The validated model is used to study the enhancement influence of chemical reactions on the transfer rate. Moreover, the results of this study are compared with a classical 1-D approach and excellent comparison is ...

Finite Element Analysis of Induced Electroosmotic Flow in Brain Tissue and Application to ex vivo Determination of Enzyme Activity

Y. Ou[1], A. Rupert[1], M. Sandberg[2], S. Weber[1]
[1]University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
[2]University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden

Ectopeptidases are commonly accepted to be a means of clearing active peptides. However, studies have shown that they can also regulate peptide activity. We have developed a technique of electrokinetic push-pull perfusion (Ek-PPP, Figure 1) to examine this largely unexplored mechanism of modulation of peptide function. We push the neuropeptide galanin through organotypic hippocampal slice ...

Design and Analysis of an Electrostatic Precipitator for a Diesel Particulate Filter - new

S. Manoj[1], R. Giri[1], S. Selvakumar[1]
[1]Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Gaseous exhaust of different industries contains dust particles of different chemical precipitates that are harmful for the environment. Electrostatic Precipitators are very often used in industries like power plant to filter their gaseous exhaust and to prevent the atmosphere to being polluted. Electrostatic Precipitators are very efficient in dust particle collection from the flue gas. ...

Fundamental Three Dimensional Modeling and Parameter Estimation of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst for Heavy Duty Trucks

A. Holmqvist[1] and C.U.I. Odenbrand[1]

[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, LTH, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Mathematical optimization can be used as a computational engine to generate the best solution for a given problem in a systematic and efficient way. In the context of monolithic converter systems, the parameter estimation problem (or inverse problem) is solved using Partial Differential Equations (PDE)-based models of the physical system coupled with an optimization algorithm. These problems are ...

Design and Characterization of a Small Volume Reactor for the High Pressure Invacuo Study of Catalytic Surface Reactions

C. Clark[1,2], J. Fulton[3], T. Adams[3], E. Podgornov[4], and F. Zaera[4]
[1]Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Riverside, CA, USA
[2]Naval Surface Warfare Center, Corona, CA, USA
[3]Naval Surface Warfare Center, Crane, IN, USA
[4]Department of Chemistry, University of California, Riverside, CA, USA

The design and construction of ultra-high vacuum (UHV) systems for the study of surface reactions has lead to high impact innovation in a myriad of industries. A small volume reactor compatible with ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) surface-science instrumentation has been designed, modeled and tested for the study of the kinetics of surface chemical reactions on single crystals. CO oxidation experiments ...

Numerical Investigation of Mass Transfer with Two-Phase Slug Flow in a Capillary

W. Han, and B.H. Dennis
University of Texas, Arlington, TX, USA

The multiphase flow of two immiscible liquids in a microchannel was investigated numerically. A Y-shape micromixer was designed to produce a pattern of slugs from the flowing liquids. The mass transfer characteristics of this flow pattern are of primary interest in this study. A simple neutralization titration reaction was chosen as the basis. The liquid-liquid two phase slug flow was formed ...

Coupled Palaehydrogeological Microbial and Geochemical Reactive Transport Model of the Olkiluoto Site (Finland)

P. Trinchero[1], M. Luna[1], J. Molinero[1], G. Román-Ross[1], F. Maia[1], A. Nardi[1], J. Löfman[2], P. Pitkänen[3], L. Koskinen[3]
[1]Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
[2]VTT Energy, Finland
[3]Posiva Oy, Olkiluoto, Finland

Olkiluoto at Eurajoki has been selected as the final repository site for spent nuclear waste in Finland. This area has been affected, at regional scale, by land-uplift processes related to the ice withdrawal. These events have resulted in a complex and stratified heterogeneous hydrochemical system. The objective of this work was to develop a robust paleohydrogeological reactive transport (PRT) ...

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