Assessment of Diffuse Optical Tomography Image Reconstruction Methods Using a Photon Transport Model
M. M. Althobaiti , H. S. Salehi , Q. Zhu ,
 Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
Imaging of tissue with near-infrared diffuse optical tomography is emerging as a practical method to map hemoglobin concentrations within tissue for breast cancer detection and diagnosis. The accurate recovery of images by using numerical modeling requires an effective image reconstruction method. We illustrate a comparison between two widely used reconstruction methods using finite element ...
D. Iber, D. Menshykau, P. Germann, L. Lermuzeaux[2,3]
D-BSSE, ETH Zurich, Switzerland, SIB, Basel, Switzerland
D-BSSE, ETH Zurich, Basel, Switzerland
Department of Bioengineering, University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Nice, France
Morphogenesis is a tightly regulated process that has been studied for decades. Previously we developed data-based mechanistic models for a range of developmental processes with a view to integrate the available knowledge and to better understand the underlying regulatory logic. In our previous papers on simulating organogenesis in COMSOL Multiphysics® we discussed methods to efficiently solve ...
A. Dwivedi , G. Khanna ,
 NIT Hamirpur, Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh, India
This work describes the design and optimization of three prototypes of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) capacitive accelerometer-based middle ear microphone. The microphone is intended for middle ear hearing aids as well as future fully implantable cochlear prosthesis. The analysis is done using COMSOL Multiphysics®. The maximum applied acceleration was considered 1g. Human temporal bones ...
Y. Sheng, and L. Yu
Quebec City, QC
A biconcave-shaped Red Blood Cell was trapped and deformed in a dual-trap optical tweezers. The two highly focused trapping beams of Gaussian intensity distribution were modeled as background field in the COMSOL Radio Frequency Module. The 3D radiation stress distribution on the cell surface was computed via the Maxwell stress tensor. The 3D deformation of the cell was computed with the ...
M. Christian, S. Firebaugh, A. Smith
United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
This project utilizes the heat transfer module of the COMSOL Multiphysics environment to model the effects that an ohmic heating probe will have on neural tissue. The model quantifies the thermal impact of active components embedded on a neural micro probe by solving the Penne’s bioheat equation with an external MATLAB function to determine the heat generation along the length of the probe. The ...
J. F. Hansen ,
 Thoratec Corporation, CA, USA
When an electronic device is worn for extended periods, possibly in direct contact with human skin, heat must be safely transferred away from the device, without exceeding standards and regulatory temperature limits on the skin and on the exposed surfaces of the device. Heat transfer is dominated by convective heat transfer to the surrounding air (possibly trapped air under clothing), and by ...
M. Vijayalakshmi, R. C. Thiagarajan
ATOA Scientific Technologies Pvt. Ltd., Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
Conventional cardiac electrical signal monitoring and measurement techniques such as Electrocardiograph (ECG) are prone to operator error due to multiple lead attachment requirements. These multiple electrode based systems are also not convenient for continuous cardiac health monitoring, though ECG is the best way to measure and diagnose abnormal rhythms of the heart. In this paper, a smart ...
J. Wala, D. Maji, S. Dhara, S. Das
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India
Cells are complex entities which not only passively sense external stimuli (viz. chemical, optical or mechanical) but also interact with extracellular matrix (ECM) by regulating cellular behavior such as growth, proliferation, migration, etc. Monitoring cell growth and migration of adherent cells becomes a crucial factor in determining cell-cell and cell-substrate interaction, important for ...
R. Appali, S. Petersen, J. Gimsa, and U. Rienen
 Institute of General Electrical Engineering, Chair of Electromagnetic Field Theory, University of Rostock, Germany
 Institute of Biology, Chair of Biophysics, University of Rostock, Germany
Study of neurons plays a key role in the fields of basic and medical research aiming at the development of electrically active implants. The Fitzhugh-Nagumo equations are used to model and simulate the spike generation and propagation in a squid giant axon using COMSOL Multiphysics® 3.5a Software. It is shown that the Fitzhugh-Nagumo equations allow for a geometrical explanation of ...
J.G. Pieters, R. ElGamal, F. Ronsse
Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Department of Biosystems Engineering, Ghent, Belgium
CFD simulations were carried out to predict the convective heat and mass transfer coefficients in the rice bed, and correlations were developed for the convective heat and mass transfer coefficients as a function of drying air flow rate. The developed correlations were used to extend the model developed by ElGamal et al. (2013) for thin-layer rice drying to volumetric heat and mass transfer in a ...