J. Crompton, S. Yushanov, L.T. Gritter, K.C. Koppenhoefer
AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA
The resonance conditions for surface plasmons are influenced by the type and amount of material on a surface. Full insight into surface plasmon resonance requires quantum mechanics considerations. However, it can be also described in terms of classical electromagnetic theory by considering electromagnetic wave reflection, transmission, and absorption for the multi-layer medium. The two commonly ...
G. Zhu, E.M. Dede
Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
In previous work, a two-dimensional (2D) model was carried out to simulate the phononic band structure of a phononic crystal with square lattice structure, but this model did not account for the out-of-plane phonon dispersions . In fact, for 2D films used for coating materials, it is more interesting to understand their cross-plane properties. In this work, the phonon dispersion relation of 2D ...
Simulation of Acoustic Energy Harvesting Using Piezoelectric Plates in a Quarter-Wavelength Straight-Tube Resonator
B. Li, J.H. You
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX, USA
An acoustic energy harvesting mechanism at low frequency (~200 Hz) using lead zirconate titanate (PZT) piezoelectric cantilever plates placed inside a quarter-wavelength straight-tube resonator has been studied using COMSOL Multiphysics 4.3 and compared with experimental data. When the tube resonator is excited by an incident wave at its acoustic eigenfrequency, an amplified acoustic resonant ...
E. Gutierrez-Miravete, B. Fontenault
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Hartford, CT, USA
General Dynamics-Electric Boat, Groton, CT, USA
A novel combined photovoltaic-thermal panel can simultaneously increase the conversion efficiency of the PV cell and utilize some of the excess thermal energy created by the conversion process (see Figure 1). The Conjugate Heat Transfer physics in COMSOL was used to create a two-dimensional, steady state model of such a combined photovoltaic cell-thermal panel. Figure 2 shows a magnified view of ...
Optimization of Artificial Diffusion Stabilization Techniques and Corresponding Mesh Density Distribution in Drift Dominated Transport of Diluted Species
J. Jadidian, M. Zahn, N. Lavesson, O. Widlund, K. Borg
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
ABB Corporate Research, Västerås, Sweden
This paper presents an optimized combination of artificial diffusion techniques to stabilize a drift dominated streamer discharge model which includes COMSOL Multiphysics’ Transport of Diluted Species modules for positive ion, negative ion, and electron charge densities, coupled through the Electrostatic module. A Thermal Conduction and Convection module is responsible for the heat transfer in ...
Y. Lu, E. Garboczi, D. Bentz
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
The prediction of concrete materials service life is not easy, because the complex heterogeneous microstructure and the random nature of concrete materials. Study the presence of cracks in concrete and their effect on coupled reaction and transport are of great interest in civil engineering. Cracks with different widths and depths will reduce the cover thickness and accelerate the migration of ...
J.R. Puentes, T.A. Osswald, S. Schick, J. Berg
Polymer Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
TEEL Plastics, Baraboo, WI, USA
The extrusion of polyolefin pipes suffers degradation due to mechanical design problems of the extrusion die that is commonly used. This study uses numerical and computational approaches to detect problematic areas in the die geometry. Simulations show that in the conventional die there are areas of stagnation and recirculation of the melt flow, resulting in greater residence times, one of the ...
Institut de recherche d'Hydro-Québec, Shawinigan, QC, Canada
This work presents the results of a 3D numerical magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) simulation of an electromagnetic DC pump for liquid metal using a rectangular metal flow channel subjected to an externally imposed transversal inhomogeneous magnetic field. In this study. 3D numerical simulation based on the finite element method was carried out using the computer package COMSOL Multiphysics 3.5a. The ...
K.O. Lund, C.M. Lord
Kurt Lund Consulting, Del Mar, CA, USA
Lord Engineering Corp., Encinitas, CA, USA
Pressure-drop experiments were conducted for the turbulent, compressible flow of air in a small, slender tube, and modeled with COMSOL heat transfer module, and analytically. A scalar integration variable is introduced which integrates the mass velocity [kg/m²s] over the inlet area and iteratively equates this to the input mass flow [kg/s]. For computation, the temperature specification is ...
A Study into the Acoustic and Vibrational Effects of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic as a Sole Manufacturing Material for Acoustic Guitars
J. O'Donnell, G. McRobbie
University of the West of Scotland, Paisley, Scotland, United Kingdom
This study will research a modern design of acoustic guitar by analysis of the vibrational modes. The guitar that will undergo testing has been provided by Emerald Guitars and is solely constructed using Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic (CFRP). With the use of COMSOL Multiphysics© the soundboard of the guitar will be simulated and analysis will be carried out to determine the first 10 ...