J. Perko, S. C. Seetharam, and D. Mallants
Belgian Nuclear Research Centre
Knowledge of the effect of fractures on fluid flow and transport is of great interest in many fields. In radioactive waste disposal the interest in fractures within concrete structure is because they are mostly more permeable than the matrix, there is less or no sorption and because long-term chemical concrete degradation could progress faster. Assessment of long-term transport processes is ...
T. Schlegl, and H. Zangl
Graz University of Technology
State of the art proximity sensors are most often based on optical or tactile methods. Although these sensor systems are widely used (e.g. clamping protection) the reveal several drawbacks. Most optical sensors need a line of side whereas tactile sensors cannot be used to determine a distance to an approaching object. Capacitive sensing technology has proven to be an interesting alternative to ...
Electrochemical etching of silicon (anodization) is a process that can be used for etching of forms of nearly arbitrary shapes. The difficulty of applying the process for mass production is in the many parameters influencing the process, such as electrolyte concentration and temperature, silicon substrate doping and type, and so on. COMSOL as an FEM simulation tool is very suitable for ...
M. Herlitschke, M. Blasl, and F. Costache
Fraunhofer Institute for Photonic Microsystems
3D FEM simulation of millimeter-scale, complex electro-optically induced waveguide based devices demands the use of grids with more than several million nodes. Hence the simulation could take substantial time and require large amounts of available memory. This paper presents a computation algorithm based on the conversion of an initial 3D waveguide structure into an analogous 2D structure, ...
N. Kleinknecht, and S. A. Halvorsen
In many metallurgical processes metals are (heated and) stirred by an oscillating external magnetic field. The magnetic field induces electric currents in the metal and the currents interact with the magnetic field to create a force, the Lorentz force. For high frequencies induction only takes place in an electromagnetic boundary layer due to the skin effect and the force is confined within this ...
A.Buchau, and W. M. Rucker
Institut für Theorie der Elektrotechnik
The simulation software COMSOL Multiphysics is applied to the numerical com-putation of the magnetic fields of a three-phase transformer. A three-dimensional model of the geometrical configuration is created with the help of the CAD tools of COMSOL Multiphysics. There, all dimensions of the transformer are defined by parameters. The creation of an optimal finite element mesh is improved by some ...
Transient Electromagnetic-Thermal FE-Model of a SPICE-Coupled Transformer Including Eddy Currents with COMSOL Multiphysics 4.2
H. Neubert, R. Disselnkötter, and T. Bödrich
Technische Universität Dresden, Institute of Electromechanical and Electronic Design, Dresden, Germany
ABB AG, Forschungszentrum Deutschland, Ladenburg, Germany
Current transformers are used to measure currents in power grid systems. They are characterized by strong interactions between external electrical sources and loads respectively and the magnetic subsystem. Self-heating due to losses has to be considered because of the temperature-dependent material behaviour. The paper presents a transient 3D FEA transformer model which includes a H(|B|) ...
M. Herein, and A. Galsa
Department of Geophysics
For the numerical solving of the equations, Comsol has been applied. Simulations have been modeled in 2D Cartesian, in cylindrical coordinate system and in a “mantle-like” cylindrical-shell. Mantle dynamics is controlled by the Rayleigh number (Ra), which is the ratio of the buoyancy and viscous force. The effect of Ra has been studied in the range of 1e4 to 1e7. The significance of the ...
H. Ye, E. M. Boudoudou, E. Scholz, and M. Clemens
Chair of Electromagnetic Theory
Bergische Universität Wuppertal
For PE insulated cables both the temperature difference ?T and the electric field coefficient ? have a significant influence on the electric field distribution because PE has a nonlinear electric conductivity which is approximately a function of the temperature and the electric field strength. The coupled electric-thermal simulations are carried out for PE insulated HVDC-cables. The influence ...
S. F. Madsen, and C. Falkenstrøm Mieritz
The present paper presents numerical calculations of the magnetic fields and the current distribution within a wind turbine nacelle. The results are used by control system engineers designing panels and cables, who must ensure that the immunity of the equipment complies with the environment within the turbine. Since the release of the International standard concerning lightning protection of ...