University of Dayton, Dayton, OH, USA
Geothermal heat pumps use the earth as a heat source and sink via a ground heat exchanger (GHX) that consists of a network of buried heat exchange pipes, which can either be installed in vertical boreholes or in shallow horizontal trenches or excavations. The main goal in GHX design is to determine the minimum length of pipe needed to provide adequate fluid temperatures to heat pumps over their ...
U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
COMSOL is finite element modeling software capable of solving partial differential equations. This capability allows for the modeling of boundary value problems, which is necessary to the study of light and the properties of light propagation. For this study, we are modeling Fraunhofer diffraction of light using a solution of the Helmholtz equation with boundary values appropriate for ...
D. Groulx, and W. Ogoh
Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
A 1D phase change problem, known as Stefan’s problem, for which analytical solutions are available, is solved as a 2D problem using COMSOL Multiphysics. The PCM medium is semi-infinite, initially solid at its melting temperature Tm, and at t = 0, the wall temperature is raised to Tw > Tm, prompting the PCM to start melting, from pure conduction, in a linear fashion starting at x = 0. The ...
Z. Hasan, F. Darwish, and S. Al-Absi
Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA
Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
The main objective of the present work is to perform stress analysis on composite laminates under unaxial/biaxial loading to serve as a preliminary data for test verification. A detailed calculation based on the Classical Lamination Theory was performed for a laminate. The material used was carbon/epoxy applying a pure uniaxial load followed by a biaxial load. It was observed that the failure ...
S. Kumar, and M. Raju
General Motors R&D Center, Warren, MI, USA
Optimal CAE Inc., Detroit, MI, USA
Hydrogen refueling in a metal hydride based automotive hydrogen storage system is an exothermic reaction and hence an efficient heat exchanger is required to remove the heat for fast refueling. In this paper a helical coil heat exchanger embedded in a sodium alanate bed is modeled using COMSOL. Sodium alanate is present in the shell and the coolant flows through the helical tube. A ...
S.C. de Oliveira, E.P. de Deus, and A.M. Mont'Alverne
 Funcap/CNPq, CE, Brazil
 Universidade Federal do Ceara, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil
This paper presents a numerical analysis of indented pipes based on the Finite Element (FE) within the framework of COMSOL Multiphysics. Numerical models using two-dimensional solid plane strain elements are evaluated. Geometric nonlinear analysis, nonlinear isotropic hardening material and contact were also incorporated into the models. The numerical models are calibrated by using an analytical ...
Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Newport, RI, USA
In order to transmit energy in one direction, sonar flextensional transducers are combined into arrays of elements that are spaced a 1/4 wavelength apart. The directionality (front-to-back pressure ratio) is a modest of 6 dB. A single projector that is 1/3 wavelength in size and capable of developing unidirectional beams with front-to-back ratios greater than 20 dB that is independent of sound ...
Pryor Knowledge Systems Inc., Bloomfield Hills, MI, USA
This paper presents one approach to the modeling of an abrupt junction PIN photodiode light sensor using COMSOL Multiphysics software and the incorporated SPICE® capability. The current model is built using the capabilities of SPICE in COMSOL Multiphysics 4.0. This model demonstrates the use of SPICE and the AC/DC Module to build a conduction current, rather than an electrostatic, model. This ...
Characterization of an AlGaN/GaN Electrostatically Actuated Cantilever Using the Finite Element Method
N. DeRoller, M. Qazi, J. Liu, and G. Koley
University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA
AlGaN/GaN heterostructures are unique because the 2DEG at the interface is created by the difference in polarization properties of the AlGaN and the GaN layers; not due to intentional doping. In this work, a 3D model of an electrostatically actuated micro cantilever has been developed using COMSOL for characterization using the finite element method (FEM). The microcantilever has AlGaN/GaN HFET ...
U.S. Army Engineer Research & Development Center, Vicksburg, MS, USA
Dr. McKenna is a Research Geophysicist at the U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC). She directs the Denied Area Monitoring and Exploitation Systems working group at ERDC, which has ongoing integrated high performance computing modeling and experimental research with the Department of Defense, Department of Energy, Defense Intelligence Agency, Los Alamos National Laboratory ...