Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
This paper is focused on topology optimization of heat transfer and fluid flow systems for multiphysics objectives. Specifically, COMSOL Multiphysics software is coupled with a method of moving asymptotes optimizer in a custom COMSOL / MATLAB script. Various physical process including conduction, convection-diffusion, and Navier-Stokes flow are considered. To illustrate the method, a standard ...
M.W. Siebert, and P.S. Fodor
Physics Department, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
In this work, the fluid flow over a 2D backward-facing step is analyzed in order to provide a case study for the use of different models for the blood dynamic viscosity in COMSOL Multiphysics. Three non-Newtonian models, as well as the Newtonian model are used to study the shear stresses and the reattachment length as a function of the fluid speed. The non-Newtonian models used in this study are ...
R. E. White, and Long Cai
R.E. White & Associates LLC, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
The existing lithium ion battery model in COMSOL’s Multiphysics software is extended to include the thermal effects. The thermal behavior of a lithium ion battery is studied during the galvanostatic discharge process with and without a pulse. The existing lithium ion battery model in COMSOL 3.5a is extended by adding an energy balance and the temperature dependence of properties of ...
D. Groulx, and W. Ogoh
Mechanical Engineering Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
One way of storing thermal energy is through the use of latent heat energy storage systems. One such system, composed of a cylindrical container filled with paraffin wax, through which a copper pipe carrying hot water is inserted, is presented in this paper. It is shown that the physical processes encountered in the flow of water, the heat transfer by conduction and convection, and the phase ...
S. Sihn[1,2], and A.K. Roy
Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, Ohio, USA
University of Dayton Research Institute, Dayton, Ohio, USA
COMSOL Multiphysics was used to solve a phonon Boltzmann transport equation (BTE) for nanoscale heat transport problems. One dimensional steady-state and transient BTE problems were successfully solved based on finite element and discrete ordinate methods for spatial and angular discretizations, respectively, by utilizing the built-in feature of the COMSOL, Coefficient Form of PDE.
M. Carrizales, and L.W. Lake
The University of Texas at Austin, University Station, Austin, Texas, USA
Introducing heat to the formation has proven to be an effective way of lowering the oil viscosity of heavy oils by raising the temperature in the formation. The application of electrical energy has gained more interest during the last decade because it offers fewer restrictions for its successful application compared to the conventional steam flooding methods. Although this recovery technique ...
R. Rieck, A. Bénard, and C. Petty
Michigan State University, Michigan, USA
Porous media fluid dynamic modeling has been widely explored and utilized in many academic and industrial applications. Cross flow filtration being one attractive application, whereas the fluid and filtrate flow parallel the porous media, and thereby induce shearing stress along the membrane surface to reduce fouling. In modeling porous media flow, it is common to describe the porous domain by ...
U. Veeramachaneni, and R.L. Carroll
Department of Chemistry, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA
Superparamagnetic micro beads offer some attractive applications in biological and biomedical fields. Some of the important applications include manipulation and separation of cells, isolation of specific cells, active drug delivery, magnetic cell separation, separation of proteins, and application of mechanical forces to cells, etc. A COMSOL Multiphysics model is developed in 2D ...
A.E. Varela, and J.C. García
University of Carabobo, Valencia, Venezuela
Most reactor designs are based on pseudo homogeneous models. This paper studies the COMSOL simulation of a packed bed reactor using a 2-D heterogeneous model. The case considered was a packed reactor with spherical catalyst for oxidation of o-xylene in air to phthalic anhydride. Large differences in intra-pellet temperature were found in comparison with the average temperatures resulting from ...
Z. Liu, X. Ni, and A. Kildishev
School of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA
Optical nanoantennas have been of great interest recently due to their ability to support a highly efficient, localized surface plasmon resonance and produce significantly enhanced and highly confined electromagnetic fields. Such enhanced local fields have many applications such as biosensors, near-fieldscanning optical microscopy (NSOM), quantum optical information processing, enhanced Raman ...