T. Wagner, and U. Peil
International Graduate School of Risk Management of Natural and Civilization Hazards on Buildings and Infrastructure, Braunschweig, Germany
Institute of Steel Structures, Technical University Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany
Hazardous for the transmission lines is not only the static ice load, but also the aerodynamic instability of iced cables. It can lead to large amplitude oscillations at low frequencies. Also, twisting due to asymmetrical iced cables may increase the fatigue rate. In extreme events, atmospheric icing can cause severe damage on towers and power lines, resulting in extensive electricity ...
Interfacing Continuum and Discrete Methods: Convective Diffusion of Microparticles and Chemical Species in Microsystems
CEA-LETI, Department of Biotechnology, Grenoble, France
Convective transport of macromolecules or micro and nanoparticles in microsystems are usually predicted by solving the Navier Stokes equations for the carrier fluid and a concentration equation for the diffusing species. In the case of isolated particles or complicated geometries with extremely small apertures or microporous material, the concentration equation maybe replaced by a Monte Carlo ...
A. de Niet, A. van Nieuwenhuijzen, and A. Geilvoet
Witteveen+Bos, Deventer, The Netherlands
Clarifiers are used to separate sludge and water in waste water treatment plants. In this paper we analyze a malfunctioning clarifier using the mixture model. We are able to receive model results that are reasonably close to measurements from the real clarifier. With the model we can explain the bad separation of water and sludge in the clarifier. Engineers have proposed several actions in order ...
R. Umhack, M. Rainer, M. Tamerle, and G. Hillmer
Process-, Environmental- and Bio- technology, MCI - University of Applied Sciences, Innsbruck, Austria
A new type of radiator with a package of combs, to gain a larger area for heat exchange, instead of trapezoidal convector plates, is investigated. The main aim is to find the optimal comb diameter. To solve this problem, CFD (computational fluid dynamics) with COMSOL Multiphysics is used. A chart showing radiator power was produced, which includes radiator power for different temperatures and ...