The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.
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A 180° Ring Hybrid (Rat-Race Coupler) is a four-port network with 180° phase difference between two ports. It is cheaper to manufacture this type of microstrip line component compared to a wave guide 180° hybrid junction, so called magic-T. The objective of this model is to compute the S ... Read More
Microstrip filters can be fabricated directly on a printed circuit board (PCB) with a microstrip line going from the input to the output. Along the microstrip line there are a number of stubs of certain lengths and widths. The design of the filter involves choosing the impedance of the ... Read More
A diplexer is a device that combines or splits signals into two different frequency bands, widely used in mobile communication systems. This model simulates splitting properties using a simplified 2D geometry. The computed S-parameters and electric fields at the lower and upper bands ... Read More
A fractal is a mathematical form showing self-repeating patterns. By virtue of its geometrical properties, a fractal structure can generate multiple resonances in RF applications. This antenna model uses a 3rd order Sierpinski triangle and the calculated S-parameters shows good input ... Read More
Transmission lines are used when the frequency of the electromagnetic signals is so high that the wave nature of the signals must be taken into account. A consequence of the wave nature is that the signals are reflected if there are abrupt changes of the characteristic impedance along ... Read More
Mixed-mode S-parameters describe the responses of a circuit with balanced ports excited and terminated by two types of modes: common and differential modes. They are calculated using a full S-parameter matrix of a four-port network that is composed of four single ended lines. This ... Read More
There are multiple ways to excite and terminate transmission lines using different types of port and lumped port features. In this example, transverse electromagnetic (TEM) type ports and a via type lumped port are used to simulate two adjacent microstrip lines. One via end is terminated ... Read More
A Touchstone file describes the frequency responses of an n-port network circuit in terms of S-parameters. This can be used to simplify arbitrarily complex circuits. The Touchstone file can be obtained from numerical simulations or network analyzer measurements. The obtained file for a ... Read More
Feeding antennas with proper signals can be difficult. The signal is often described as a voltage, and voltages are not well defined in electromagnetic wave formulations. There are several tricks to model voltage generators in such situations, and one is the magnetic frill. This model ... Read More
Some conventional three-port power dividers are resistive power dividers and T-junction power dividers. Such dividers are either lossy or not matched to the system reference impedance at all ports. In addition, isolation between two coupled ports is not guaranteed. The Wilkinson power ... Read More