# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

### Vacuum Drying

Vacuum drying is a chemical process frequently used in the pharmaceutical and food industries to remove water or an organic solvent from a wet powder. When designing a vacuum drying system, engineers aim to minimize the drying time while maintaining high quality in the product. This model investigates vacuum drying in a Nutsche filter-dryer, which consists of a cylindrical drum filled with wet ...

### An Integro-Partial Differential Equation

The heat distribution in a hollow pipe, whose ends are held at two different temperatures, is studied. The outside surface is assumed to be thermally isolated and the inner surfaces have radiation boundary conditions. The role of convection in the heat transfer is taken to be negligible. The temperature is assumed to be constant along the thickness of the pipe and rotational symmetry is also ...

### Process Control Using a PID Controller

This model shows how a flow model can be coupled to a process control mechanism. Controlling application parameters according to other application parameters is important within process engineering. Most control mechanisms use the data at a wall or an outlet to control inlet parameters. More accurate control can occur if you can control inlet parameters due to data found within a component ...

### Tuning Fork

When a tuning fork is struck, it vibrates in a complex motion pattern that can be described mathematically as the superposition of resonant modes, also known as eigenmodes. Each mode is associated with a particular eigenfrequency. The tuning fork produces its characteristic sound from the specific timbre that is created by the combination of all of the eigenfrequencies. The Tuning Fork app ...

### Eigenmodes of a Room

When designing a concert hall, it is extremely important to take the resonances into account. For a clear and neutral sound, the eigenfrequencies should be evenly spread through the registers. For the home stereo owner, who cannot actually change the shape of his living room, another question is more relevant: where should the speakers be put for the best sound? To illustrate the effects we are ...

### Automotive Muffler

This model simulates the pressure wave propagation in a muffler for a combustion engine. It uses a general approach for analysis of damping of the propagation of harmonic pressure waves. The model is solved in the frequency domain and provides efficient damping in a frequency range of 100-1000 Hz.

### Electric Sensor

This is a model from electric impedance tomography, a method of imaging the interior permittivity distribution of a body by measuring current and voltage at the surface. This model demonstrates how the shape and placement of figures with different material properties inside a closed box can be determined with this non-invasive technique. Applying a potential difference on the boundaries of ...

### Thermal Microactuator Simplified

This example model consists of a two-hot-arm thermal actuator made of polysilicon. The actuator is activated through thermal expansion. The temperature increase required to deform the two hot arms, and thus displace the actuator, is obtained through Joule heating (resistive heating). The greater expansion of the hot arms, compared to the cold arm, causes a bending of the actuator. The material ...

### Stresses in a Pulley

The stresses in a pulley connected to an engine that drives another pulley are studied in this model. A parametric analysis is conducted in order to study how the rotational speed affects the stress distribution in the pulley. The power at the pulley shaft remains constant, the moment (defined by the ratio of the power by the rotational speed) will thus decrease with increased speed. This ...

### Steady-State 1D Heat Transfer with Radiation

The example shows a 1D steady-state thermal analysis including radiation to a prescribed ambient temperature. The temperature field from the solution of this benchmark model is compared with a NAFEMS benchmark solution.

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