Application ID: 12663
Transmission lines are used when the frequency of the electromagnetic signals is so high that the wave nature of the signals must be taken into account. A consequence of the wave nature is that the signals are reflected if there are abrupt changes of the characteristic impedance along the transmission line. Similarly, the load impedance, Z(L), at the end of the transmission line must match its characteristic impedance, Z(0). Otherwise there will be reflections from the transmission line’s end.
A quarter-wave transformer is a component that can be inserted between the transmission line and the load to match the load impedance to the transmission line’s characteristic impedance. This model exemplifies some of the characteristics of a quarter-wave transformer. In particular, the model simulation shows that the transformer only provides matching for one particular frequency, namely that for which the transformer is a quarter of a wavelength long.
This application was built using the following:RF Module
The combination of COMSOL® products required to model your application depends on the physics interfaces that define it. Particular physics interfaces may be common to several products (see the Specification Chart for more details). To determine the right combination of products for your project, you should evaluate all of your needs in light of each product's capabilities, consultation with the COMSOL Sales and Support teams, and the use of an evaluation license.