How to Activate Material in Simulations of Manufacturing Processes

Mats Danielsson November 7, 2018

Material deposition is an essential ingredient in certain manufacturing processes, including welding and additive manufacturing. Say that you want to simulate such a manufacturing process. A challenge that you will face during the simulation is depositing material in a way that introduces it in a state of zero stress. Here, we look at the Activation functionality in the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and how it facilitates the simulation of material deposition.

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Amelia Halliday November 6, 2018

To help understand the complicated universe we live in, we have compartmentalized physics phenomena into distinct disciplinary specializations. However, natural and engineering problems often cross these utilitarian borders. A major strength of the COMSOL Multiphysics® software is the ease with which such cross-disciplinary interactions, which we refer to as multiphysics interactions, can be accounted for. The COMSOL® software provides a plethora of built-in multiphysics couplings and even enables users to implement their own physics couplings.

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Thomas Forrister October 24, 2018

During routine exams, eye care professionals look for common refractive errors like nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. As patients age, doctors also look for presbyopia, a loss of the accommodative amplitude that results long-term in a complete loss of the near vision. The visual accommodation process is complex, and useful eye properties needed to improve diagnosis and presbyopia treatment are difficult to obtain. To address the problem of measuring the refractive index of the lens, researchers developed a reverse engineering technique […]

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Walter Frei October 22, 2018

One of the core strengths of the COMSOL Multiphysics® software is the ability to easily define loads and constraints that move over time. There are actually several different ways in which this can be done, all within the core functionality of the software. In today’s blog post, we will guide you through three of these approaches.

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Temesgen Kindo October 16, 2018

Have you ever wanted to add a certain boundary or domain condition to a physics problem but couldn’t find a built-in feature? Today, we will show you how to implement nonstandard constraints using the so-called weak contributions. Weak contributions are, in fact, what the software internally uses to apply the built-in domain and boundary conditions. They provide a flexible and physics-independent way to extend the applicability of the COMSOL Multiphysics® software.

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Andrew Griesmer October 3, 2018

It’s here! Version 5.4 introduces a new product, COMSOL Compiler™, which enables creators of simulation applications to deploy them to users without restrictions. In addition, the latest version of the COMSOL Multiphysics® software brings enhanced usability and new physics-specific modeling features, as well as the new Composite Materials Module for modeling thin, layered structures.

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Harishanker Gajendran September 27, 2018

In a previous blog series on the weak formulation, my colleague Chien Liu introduced the weak form for stationary problems and the methodology to implement it in the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. This blog post is an extension of the weak form series, showing how to solve a time-dependent problem using the Weak Form PDE interface. As you will see, not much changes in the procedure. Allow us to demonstrate…

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Temesgen Kindo September 21, 2018

We previously discussed how to solve 1D variational problems with the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and implement complex domain and boundary conditions using a unified constraint enforcement framework. Here, we extend the discussion to multiple dimensions, higher-order derivatives, and multiple unknowns with what we hope will be an enjoyable example: variational image denoising. We conclude this blog series on variational problems with some recommendations for further study.

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Temesgen Kindo September 17, 2018

How do you find the shortest overland distance between two points across a lake? Such obstacles and bounds on solutions are often called inequality constraints. Requirements for nonnegativity of gaps between objects in contact mechanics, species concentrations in chemistry, and population in ecology are some examples of inequality constraints. Previously in this series, we discussed equality constraints on variational problems. Today, we will show you how to implement inequality constraints when using equation-based modeling in COMSOL Multiphysics®.

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Temesgen Kindo September 11, 2018

In the first part of this blog series, we discussed how to solve variational problems with simple boundary conditions. Next, we proceeded to more sophisticated constraints and used Lagrange multipliers to set up equivalent unconstrained problems. Today, we focus on the numerical aspects of constraint enforcement. The method of Lagrange multipliers is theoretically exact, yet its use in numerical solutions poses some challenges. We will go over these challenges and show two mitigation strategies: the penalty and augmented Lagrangian methods.

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Temesgen Kindo September 7, 2018

In the first part of this blog series, we discussed variational problems and demonstrated how to solve them using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. In that case, we used simple built-in boundary conditions. Today, we will discuss more general boundary conditions and constraints. We will also show how to implement these boundary conditions and constraints in the COMSOL® software using the same variational problem from Part 1: (the soap film) — and just as much math.

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