Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Analysis of the Mechanical Behavior of Violins Based on a Multi-physics Approach

E. Ravina
Dept. of Mechanics and Machine Design, Research Centre on Choral and Instrumental Music (MUSICOS), University of Genoa, Italy

The paper attempts to give a contribution to the dynamic analysis of musical instruments. A multidisciplinary approach oriented to the study of mechanical, structural, vibratory and acoustical phenomena related to stringed instruments is discussed. The case study focused in this paper concerns the violins family: the geometry and the vibratory propagation of this instrument is very complicated to ...

Deep-Seated Spreading Model Tested on Etna Mount with FEM

F. Pulvirenti[1,2], M. Aloisi[1], M. Mattia[1], and C. Monaco[2]
[1]Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia sezione di Catania
[2]Università di Catania

Structural, morphological and ground deformation studies suggest that the eastern flank of Mt. Etna (eastern Sicily) is spreading seaward.  According to the deep-seated spreading model, both the volcanic edifice and its uppermost basement are spreading eastwards because of magma inflation processes related to a dike complex located at a depth between the summit craters and the Valle del ...

Electrostatic Fluid Structure Interaction (EFSI) on the Huygens Experiment

R. Godard [1], J. de Boer[1], N. Ibrahim[2], and G. Molina-Cuberos[3]
[1]Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, ON, Canada
[2]University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
[3]Campus Espinardo, Murcia, Spain

The Huygens Atmospheric Structure Instrument (HASI) was designed to characterize the physical properties of the lower atmosphere and surface of Titan, the planet-size moon of Saturn. The Relaxation Probe (RP) sensor on the Huygens probe, determined the electrical conductivity in the lower atmosphere of Titan, from 140 km to 40 km. It was suspected that at an altitude above 100km, the booms ...

Acoustic streaming flows in discharge lighting

T. Dreeben
Osram Sylvania, Beverly, MA, USA

Thomas Dreeben received his B.A. in Philosophy and Mathematics in 1985, and his Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering in 1997, both from Cornell University. He has worked in automotive fuel systems at Ford Motor Company, and in turbulence at Sandia National Laboratories. He currently works in lighting research at OSRAM SYLVANIA, where his modeling focuses on fluid mechanics and heat transfer as they ...

Optimisation Of Filament Geometry For Gas Sensor Application

S. Gidon, M. Brun, and S. Nicoletti
CEA Minatec, Optronic Department, Grenoble, France

Monitoring of indoor CO2 concentration is of particular interest to detect room occupancy in order to optimise power consumptions of building. One technological approach is to use optical detection using specific absorption lines of CO2 molecules in the infrared domain close to 4.2 μm. Key features for a wider use in public and private buildings are power consumption and price. Such optical ...

Formation Of Porosities During Spot Laser Welding : Case Of Tantalum Joining

C. Touvrey
CEA Valduc, France

During the welding of tantalum with a ND: YAG pulsed laser, a deep and narrow cavity, called the keyhole, is formed. At the end of the process, surface tension forces provoke the collapse of the keyhole. For important interface deformations, gas bubbles can be trapped into the melting pool. If the solidification time is insufficient, these bubbles give birth to residual porosities. The aim of the ...

COMSOL Modelling of the Wind Effect on a PV Platform

A. Georgescu, and A. Damian
Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania

The objective of the paper is the assessment of the wind load applied to a real photovoltaic (PV) platform installed on a site situated in Brasov, which belongs to the Transilvania University. The platform has a double-tracking axis mechanism which allows the rotation of the platform disk depending on the sun position, in order to gather the maximum solar yield to produce electricity. The study ...

Modeling Heat and Mass Transfer in Bread During Baking

V. Nicolas[1,2], J.P. Ploteau[1], P. Salagnac[2], P. Glouannec[1], V. Jury[3], and L. Boillereaux[3]
[1]Laboratoire d’Ingénierie des MATériaux de Bretagne – Equipe Thermique et Energétique, Université Européenne de Bretagne, Lorient Cedex, France
[2]Laboratoire d’Etudes des Phénomènes de Transfert et de l’Instantanéité : Agro-industrie et Bâtiment, Université de La Rochelle, La Rochelle Cedex, France
[3]Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés, Environnement, Agroalimentaire, ENITIAA, France

In this paper, we present a first model carried out with COMSOL Multiphysics to model bread baking, considering heat and mass transfer coupled with the phenomenon of swelling. This model predicts the pressures, temperatures and water contents evolutions in the dough for different energy requests. First results obtained are analyzed according to various physical parameters in order to better ...

Using COMSOL Multiphysics for Designing a Hybrid Electromagnetic Launcher

R. Kroczek, and J. Domin
Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland

This paper describes consecutive stages of design and construction of electromagnetic gun manufactured at the Silesian University of Technology. It gives insight into current knowledge about such a launcher. The computer model was elaborated in COMSOL Multiphysics version 3.5. The numerical analysis was carried out a 3-dimensional space. The physical model was build up and comparison of the ...

3D FEM-analysis of a Micromachined Wind Sensor Based on a Self-heated Thermistor Array

A. Talic[1], S. Cerimovic[2], M. Mutapcic[2], R. Beigelbeck[1], and F. Keplinger[2]
[1]Institute for Integrated Sensor Systems, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Wiener Neustadt, Austria
[2]Institute of Sensor and Actuator Systems, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria

We present COMSOL-based analyses and design optimizations of a micromachined wind sensor. The sensor relies on eight germanium thermistors embedded in a thin silicon nitride membrane, where two orthogonally arranged ensembles, each consisting of four thermistors, are connected to form a double Wheatstone-bridge. In operation, each bridge is supplied by a constant current and the self-heating of ...

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