M.W. Siebert, and P.S. Fodor
Physics Department, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
In this work, the fluid flow over a 2D backward-facing step is analyzed in order to provide a case study for the use of different models for the blood dynamic viscosity in COMSOL Multiphysics. Three non-Newtonian models, as well as the Newtonian model are used to study the shear stresses and the reattachment length as a function of the fluid speed. The non-Newtonian models used in this study are ...
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA
A model was developed to simulate the reaction, concentration field, flow field, and temperature distribution inside a Claus reactor for converting hydrogen sulfide to sulfur. The model considered two ideal reactors, a continuous stirred tank reactor and a plug flow reactor. As expected, two ideal reactors showed much different behaviors in terms of reactant conversion and operating temperature. ...
D. Conchouso, E. Al Rawashdeh, A. Arevalo, D. Castro, I.G. Foulds
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
This paper presents the multiphase 2D axisymmetric simulation of a three-dimensional flow-focusing microfluidic droplet generator using the laminar two phase flow, phase field interface in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The performance of the device is characterized at different flow conditions. The generation frequency and diameter of droplets was studied and shows direct correlation with the flow ...
L. P. Aoki, H. E. Schulz, M. G. Maunsell
University of São Paulo, São Carlos, SP, Brazil
This article considers a closed water circuit with square cross section filled with an electrolyte fluid. The conductor fluid was moved using an electromagnetic pump, in which a permanent magnet generates a magnetic field and electrodes generate the electric field in the flow. Thus, the movement is a consequence of the magnetohydrodynamic (or MHD) effect. The model adopted here was derived from ...
Steady and Unsteady Computational Results of Full Two Dimensional Governing Equations for Annular Internal Condensing Flows
R. Naik, S. Mitra, A. Narain, N. Shankar
Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, USA
This paper presents steady and unsteady computational results obtained from numerical solutions of the full two-dimensional governing equations for annular internal condensing flows in a channel. This is achieved by tracking the “sharp” interface while solving the flow fields using COMSOL Multiphysics® and MATLAB®. The unsteady wave simulation capability is used to predict heat-transfer ...
Fluid-Structure Interaction Modeling of High-Aspect Ratio Nuclear Fuel Plates Using COMSOL Multiphysics®
F. Curtis, K. Ekici, J. D. Freels
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
The High Flux Isotope Reactor at the Oak Ridge National Lab is in the research stage of converting its fuel from high-enriched uranium to low-enriched uranium. One of the areas being explored is the fluid-structure interaction phenomenon due to the interaction of thin fuel plates (50 mils thickness) and the cooling fluid (water). Detailed computational simulations have only recently become ...
A. Noume, C. Vasile, M. Risser
National Institute of Applied Science (INSA), Strasbourg, France
In automotive industry, regardless the type of engine we use, heating and air-conditioning is responsible for the highest energy consumption among all the auxiliary systems all over the year. For conventional vehicles with thermal engines, the heating of the internal space is easy obtainable because of the heat waste from the engine. For the electric vehicles, as the energy is delivered by the ...
B. Chinè[1,2], and M. Monno[1,3]
Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
Instituto Tecnològico de Costa Rica, Escuela de Ciencia e Ingenierìa de Materiales, Cartago, Costa Rica
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
We use COMSOL Multiphysics to model a gas bubble expansion in a viscous liquid initially at rest, a very common system for lightweight foamed materials from metal production and polymer processing. Modelling and simulation of foam processing during the production step involves many complexities, mainly due to the coupled momentum, mass and energy transport mechanisms, presence of more phases in ...
D. Lahaye, L. Cheng
DIAM, EEMCS Faculty, TU Delft, The Netherlands
Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
In the production of high quality materials by a heat treatment, it is indispensable to accurately predict the temperature inside the furnaces being employed. In this work we develop a turbulent combustion model for the heat being released by gas burners inside a shaft kiln. Turbulent combustion is the strongly coupled phenomena of the chemically reacting fuel and oxygen in a turbulent flow. We ...
J.G. Pieters, R. ElGamal, F. Ronsse
Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Department of Biosystems Engineering, Ghent, Belgium
CFD simulations were carried out to predict the convective heat and mass transfer coefficients in the rice bed, and correlations were developed for the convective heat and mass transfer coefficients as a function of drying air flow rate. The developed correlations were used to extend the model developed by ElGamal et al. (2013) for thin-layer rice drying to volumetric heat and mass transfer in a ...