Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Finite Element Model of a Complex Glass Forming Process as a Tool for Control Optimization

F. Sawo[1] and T. Bernard[1]
[1]Fraunhofer Institute for Information and Data Processing IITB, Karlsruhe, Germany

This paper addresses the modeling of a complex glass forming process as an example of a complex, nonlinear distributed parameter system. The system is modeled by a fluid dynamics approach, which means that the forming is regarded as a fluid with free surfaces. Here, the coupling of the forming process with the heat flow is considered. The influence of crucial model parameters (e.g., dynamic ...

Modeling and Analysis of CaBr2 Hydrolysis

S.A. Lottes, and R.W. Lyczkowski
Argonne National Laboratory

The main focus of this paper is the modeling, simulation, and analysis of the CaBr2 hydrolysis reactor stage in the Calcium-Bromine thermochemical water splitting cycle for nuclear hydrogen production. One concept is to use a spray reactor of CaBr2 into steam. Given the large heat reservoir contained in a pool of liquid CaBr2 that allows bubbles to rise easily, using a bubble column for the ...

Evaluation of the Moderator Temperature Coefficient of Reactivity in a PWR

V. Memoli, and A. Cammi
Department of Nuclear Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy

The moderator temperature coefficient (MTC) plays an important role within power thermal reactor dynamics. In order to run a reactor safely, a negative moderator coefficient temperature is necessary to reach stability during changes in temperature that can be caused by a step insertion of reactivity. Thus, MTC calculation is a key point in the reactor design process. The aim of the present work ...

Reacting Flows in Industrial Duct-burners of a Heat Recovery Steam Generator

G. Petrone[1], G. Cammarata[1], S. Caggia[2], and M. Anastasi[2]
[1]Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
[2]Engineering Maintenance - ISAB Energy Services, Priolo Gargallo, Italy

In this study, COMSOL Multiphysics is applied in order to simulate reacting flows for duct burner systems arranged in the post-firing section of a Heat Recovery Steam Generator of a combined cycle power plant. Two- and three-dimensional simulations are carried out in order to investigate on operative conditions mainly responsible of duct burners overheating. The results are obtained for several ...

A Model of a Horizontal Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Vapor Deposition Reactor

T. Adams

Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division, CRANE, IN, USA

A model of a horizontal atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition reactor was implemented to aid in the design of a laboratory based one. The model coupled momentum transport, energy transport, and mass transport phenomena to account for reacting fluid flow of a compressible gas in a heated chamber. The system modeled was silicon deposition from trichlorosilane in hydrogen carrier gas.

Model of Combustion Synthesis of Thermoelectric Calcium Cobaltates

J. Selig, and S. Lin
Lamar University, Beaumont, TX, USA

Self-propagating High-temperature Synthesis (SHS), a very economical synthesis of oxides was used in our lab to produce oxide materials. SHS process uses a highly exothermic reaction to convert reactants rapidly to pure products with minimal external energy input. This reaction is initiated by an igniter and reaction front propagates from the ignition through the rest of the sample. The fast ...

Modeling and Optimization of a Mg-Metal Hydride Rectangular Tank in the Hydriding Process

E.I. Gkanas[1], S.S. Makridis[1], A.K. Stubos[2], A. Lopez[3], J. Folch[4], G. Noriega[4]
[1]Materials for Energy Applications Group, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Greece
[2]Environmental Technology Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR “Demokritos”, Greece
[3]Universidad Politécnica De Cataluña, Barcelona, Spain
[4]Cidete INGENIEROS, Barcelona, Spain

Hydrogen storage can be considered as a key factor in the development of hydrogen economy. Hydrogen storage in a magnesium hydride MgH2 is a very promising technique for numerous of reasons. Magnesium is abundant, relatively cheap, life – friendly , weight storage capacity of 7.6% and low price of Mg metal. A simulation work is presented in order to study the absorption kinetics of a Mg – ...

Perforation Effect on a Rectangular Metal Hydride Tank for Hydriding and Dehydriding Process

E. Gkanas[1][2], S. Makridis[1][2], E. Kikkinides[1], A. Stubos[2]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Greece
[2]Environmental Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR 'Demokritos', Agia Paraskevi, Athens, Greece

Hydrogen storage in a metal hydride bed, uses an intermetallic alloy that can absorb efficiently high amounts of hydrogen by chemical bonding resulting to metal hydrides. This alloy is capable of absorbing and desorbing hydrogen while maintaining its own structure. The heat, mass and momentum transfer in a metal-hydride reactor is mathematically described by energy, mass and momentum balance ...

Constructing COMSOL Models of a Bacteriological Fuel Cell

R. Coker[1], J. Mansell[1]
[1]NASA - Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

We have started constructing preliminary design COMSOL models of a bacteriologically driven \'fuel cell\' that is intended to process waste products, such as carbon dioxide and brine, from a crewed vehicle. At this early stage, this complex system is reduced to two electrodes separated by a membrane. The electrolyte is a brine appropriate for growing methanogenic bateria, though none are ...

Diffusion Modeling in TGA in Context of CO2 Gasification of Char

G. Samdani[1], S. Mahajani[1], A. Ganesh[1], P. Aghalayam[2], R. K. Sapru[3], D. K. Mathur[3]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India
[2]Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India
[3]UCG Group, IRS, ONGC, Chankheda, Ahmadabad

The Thermo- Gravimetric Apparatus (TGA) is often used for kinetics determination. In TGA setup, gasification reaction may be limited by the reach (diffusion) of the gasification agent to the internal surfaces of the char particles. In addition to this, after some time, ash is formed between the bulk of the gas and the upper surface of char. The present modeling exercise is aimed at examining the ...

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