Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Mass Transfer from a Single Spherical Bubble with the Presence of Chemical Reaction - the Effect of Interface Contamination at Low Reynolds Number

A. Dani, A. Cockx, and P. Guiraud
Ingénierie des Systèmes Biologiques et des Procédés, CNRS, INRA, INSA, Toulouse, France

The objective of this work is to compute the mass transfer with chemical reaction (first order reaction) from a single spherical bubble at a low Reynolds number by Direct Numerical Simulation. Firstly, the contamination of the bubble's surface by the surfactants is considered, since this can reduce the slip velocity at the interface. The stagnant cap model is used to represent these phenomena and ...

Pseudo 3-D Simulation of a Falling Film Microreactor

M. Al-Rawashdeh[1,2], V. Hessel[1,2], P. Löb[1], and F. Schönfeld[1]
[1]Institut für Mikrotechnik Mainz GmbH, Mainz, Germany
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering and
Chemistry, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands

Gas-liquid falling film microreactors carry out fast exothermic and mass transfer limited reactions. Since the major rate limiting steps occur on the liquid side, it is important to account for a realistic liquid film profile within the reactor simulation. Based on realistic channel geometry and liquid menisci profiles, we describe the liquid film thicknesses, flow velocities, species transport ...

Simulation of the Acoustic Environment for the Manufacture of Graded Porosity Materials by Sonication

C. Torres-Sanchez, and J. R. Corney
University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom

Many materials require functionally graded cellular microstructures whose porosity is engineered to meet specific requirements of diverse applications. It has been shown in previous work that the bubble growth rate of a polymeric foam can be influenced by the surrounding acoustic environment and, once solidified, produce a solid of graded porosity. Motivated by the desire to create a flexible ...

Study of the CO2 Transfer Rate in a Reacting Flow for the Refined Sodium Bicarbonate Production Process

C. Wylock[1], A. Larcy[1], P. Colinet[1], T. Cartage[2], and B. Haut[1]
[1]Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
[2]Solvay S.A., Brussels, Belgium

This work deals with the quantification of the CO2 transfer rate from a bubble to the surrounding liquid in a bubble column. A model is successfully developed using COMSOL Multiphysics. The validated model is used to study the enhancement influence of chemical reactions on the transfer rate. Moreover, the results of this study are compared with a classical 1-D approach and excellent comparison is ...

Adaptive Control of Simulated Moving Bed Plants Using Comsol’s Simulink Interface

M. Fütterer
Institut für Automatisierungstechnik, Otto-von-Guericke Universität, Magdeburg, Germany

Preparative chromatography is an important separation method where the simulated moving bed (SMB) technology is an increasingly used separation process for binary mixtures. Several chromatographic columns are arranged in a ring where the feedings and drains are changed cyclically to maintain a continuous separation. For this reason, an adaptive controller is proposed to adjust the flow rates ...

Model for Steam Reforming of Ethanol Using a Catalytic Wall Reactor

J. Torres[1], and D. Montane[2]
[1]Centre Huile Lourde Ouvert et Experimental (CHLOE), University of Pau, France
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, Virgili University, Tarragona, Spain

Steam Reforming of Ethanol using a Catalytic Wall Reactor (CWR) was successfully studied using COMSOL Multiphysics. A mathematical model was used to describe the reactor performance in terms of the main variables and dimensionless groups. Simulations showed that at specified conditions CWR maintains a thermal performance adequate for evaluating catalysts under a uniform temperature profile. CWR ...

A Finite Element Analysis on the Modeling of Heat Release Rate, as Assessed by a Cone Calorimeter, of Char Forming Polycarbonate

D. Statler[1], and R. Gupta[2]
[1]Mid-Atlantic Technology, Research and Innovation Center, South Charleston, WV, USA
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA

During the pyrolysis and combustion of polymers, heat is released and is typically measured with a cone calorimeter to better assess the polymer’s flammability. Modeling heat release rate, as assessed by cone calorimetry, has not been extensively studied for char-forming polymers, such as, polycarbonate. Here we determine the heat release rate with the help of a one-dimensional transient finite ...

Design and Characterization of a Small Volume Reactor for the High Pressure Invacuo Study of Catalytic Surface Reactions

C. Clark[1,2], J. Fulton[3], T. Adams[3], E. Podgornov[4], and F. Zaera[4]
[1]Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Riverside, CA, USA
[2]Naval Surface Warfare Center, Corona, CA, USA
[3]Naval Surface Warfare Center, Crane, IN, USA
[4]Department of Chemistry, University of California, Riverside, CA, USA

The design and construction of ultra-high vacuum (UHV) systems for the study of surface reactions has lead to high impact innovation in a myriad of industries. A small volume reactor compatible with ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) surface-science instrumentation has been designed, modeled and tested for the study of the kinetics of surface chemical reactions on single crystals. CO oxidation experiments ...

Mathematical Investigation and CFD Simulation of Monolith Reactors: Catalytic Combustion of Methane

M. Ghadrdan[1], and H. Mehdizadeh[2]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

Interest in the production of hydrogen from hydrocarbons has grown significantly recently. In order to achieve high surface to volume ratio with reasonable pressure drop, monolithic reactors are used. The goal of this work is to develop a two-phase (gas & solid) transient catalytic combustor model using a simplified flow field inside a single channel to test the advantages of the COMSOL ...

Localization of Chemical Sources Using Stochastic Differential Equations in Realistic Environments

A. Mohammed, and A. Jeremic
McMaster University, Hamilton, L8S4K1, Canada

Signal processing algorithms for chemical sensing/monitoring have been subject of considerable research interest in the recent years mainly due to their diverse applicability. When the concentration of chemical agent is small, the dispersion of particles is governed by stochastic differential equations describing more complex motion mechanisms such as Brownian motion. In this paper we propose the ...

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