Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Zur Kopplung zwischen Transport und chemischen Speziationsrechnungen mit FEMLAB®

Holzbecher, E.
Humboldt Universität Berlin, IGB, Berlin, GERMANY

In vielen Berechnungen des Umweltschutzes, der chemischen Verfahrenstechnik, der Energietechnik und weiteren Bereichen von Wissenschaft und Technik, spielen Transport- und Reaktionsprozesse gleichermaßen eine Rolle. Aufgrund der Wechselwirkung zwischen Transport und Reaktion ist das Verständnis derartiger Systeme schwierig. In der Regel werden daher Modelle eingesetzt, um derartige Situationen ...

CO2 capture by means of chemical looping combustion

Pavone, D.
IFP, Lyon, Vernaison, France

In a search of concepts for innovative reactors allowing CO2 capture in gas turbine, monolith based chemical looping combustion has been identified as a promising concept. A precise simulation of the chemical looping combustion in a channel of monolith is developed to define the design rules and the material specifications. The objective is also to evaluate this innovative process in terms of ...

Design of Reactors and Heat Exchange Systems to Optimize a Fuel Cell Reformer

P. Gateau
SAS SYNGAS, Saint Viaud, France

A fuel cell reformer is heated by oxidation of the residual fuel gas. The problem is to optimize the size and the positions of the reactors and heat exchangers. Here, COMSOL was used to design the coupling of steam reforming and post-oxidation. This was simulated in a 2D model with equations describing the kinetics as well as conductive and convective heat exchange. As the objective was to ...

Model for Steam Reforming of Ethanol Using a Catalytic Wall Reactor

J. Torres[1], and D. Montane[2]
[1]Centre Huile Lourde Ouvert et Experimental (CHLOE), University of Pau, France
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, Virgili University, Tarragona, Spain

Steam Reforming of Ethanol using a Catalytic Wall Reactor (CWR) was successfully studied using COMSOL Multiphysics. A mathematical model was used to describe the reactor performance in terms of the main variables and dimensionless groups. Simulations showed that at specified conditions CWR maintains a thermal performance adequate for evaluating catalysts under a uniform temperature profile. CWR ...

Simulation of Differential Ion Mobility (DMS) Principle Coupled with Mass Spectrometry in Atmospheric Pressure

F. Sinatra[1], T. Wu[2], A. Avila[2], E. Nazarov[1], T. Evans-Nguyen[1], J. Wang[2]
[1]Draper Laboratory, Tampa, FL, USA
[2]University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA

Mass spectrometry is an analytical technique widely used in the scientific community to determine chemical composition of sample compounds. Typically, mass spectrometers perform their analysis under vacuum conditions, though atmospheric pressure mass spectrometers are becoming more prevalent. With the development of atmospheric pressure mass spectrometers, techniques such as FAIMS (Field ...

Kinetics and Plasma Modeling of Plasma Steam Reforming at Atmospheric Pressure

J.M. Cormier, F. Ouni, and A. Khacef
GREMI, Polytech’Orléans

Gliding discharges at atmospheric pressure were investigated in the GREMI laboratory for different applications such as syngas production from methane steam reforming. In our case, the kinetics could be described by using a simplified second order model in which the rate reaction coefficient is obtained from a linearization of parameters. Calculated and experimental data are presented ...

The influence of air humidity on the interaction between VOC and construction materials

Radulescu, C., Chicina, A.
LEPTAB

The subject of our study belongs to the large area of studies about the analyze and the prediction of indoor air quality. One of the actual weaknesses for the appreciations of air indoor quality is the lack off knowledge about the interactions between the pollutants and the materials (emission off VOC, adsorption). Knowing the behavior of construction materials we can figure out the possibility ...

A Finite Element Analysis on the Modeling of Heat Release Rate, as Assessed by a Cone Calorimeter, of Char Forming Polycarbonate

D. Statler[1], and R. Gupta[2]
[1]Mid-Atlantic Technology, Research and Innovation Center, South Charleston, WV, USA
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA

During the pyrolysis and combustion of polymers, heat is released and is typically measured with a cone calorimeter to better assess the polymer’s flammability. Modeling heat release rate, as assessed by cone calorimetry, has not been extensively studied for char-forming polymers, such as, polycarbonate. Here we determine the heat release rate with the help of a one-dimensional transient finite ...

Simulation of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst Used in a NOx Storage and Reduction system for Heavy Duty Trucks

C. Odenbrand, and E. Senar Serra
Department of Chemical Engineering, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

This work concerns the performance of an oxidation catalyst used in a NOx storage and reduction system. The oxidation of NO is the main objective of this study, where the presence of CO and propene has also been taken into account. Experimental data has been determined on a monolithic oxidation catalyst mounted after a heavy duty diesel engine in a rig. The conversion of hydrocarbons is predicted ...

Computations on the coupled heat and mass transfer during fires in bulk materials, coal deposits and waste dumps

Krause, U., Schmidt, M., Lohrer, C.
Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Division II.2 “Reactive Substances and systems”, Berlin, Germany

In porous combustible matter low-rate oxidation takes place at ambient conditions. In large stockpiles of bulk goods, coal heaps, waste dumps etc. it may occur that the heat released by the oxidation reaction is not fully transmitted to the surroundings but raises the temperature within the deposit. This triggers a positive feed-back loop since the oxidation rate increases with temperature. The ...

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