Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Effect of Bed Diffusion and Operating Parameters on Char Combustion in the Context of Underground Coal Gasification

S. Mahajani, and G. Samdani
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Mumbai, India

Char combustion is one of the most important reactions in the process of Underground Coal Gasification (UCG). Experiments are performed in a boat reactor under near isothermal condition to demonstrate effects of heat and mass transfer and bed diffusion through ash layer. To obtain a complete overview of boat experiments and to further get insights, CFD analysis of boat reactor is performed using ...

Numerical Modelling of Wave Propagation in Particulate Composites

P. S. K. Mylavarapu, and S. Boddapati
Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory

Syntactic foams are hollow particle filled composites that have recently emerged as attractive materials for use in advanced structural applications in aerospace and defence industry. Ultrasonic characterization of these foams is performed extensively in order to understand the effect of porosity and particle size on the ultrasonic properties such as longitudinal velocity and attenuation. ...

Design, Simulation and Study of MEMS Based Micro-Needles and Micro-Pump for Biomedical Applications

P. K. Podder, D. Mallick, D. P. Samajdar, and A. Bhattacharyya
Institute of Radio Physics and Electronics
University of Calcutta
West Bengal, India

In this paper, we have addressed the issues related to the design and simulation of MEMS based silicon micro-needles for insertion of fluid into the dermis layer and into the subcutaneous fat layer. In addition, a poly-silicon micro-pump based on the principle of electrostatic actuation has been designed and simulated which can be integrated with the proposed micro-needles to control the fluid ...

Multiscale Damage Detection in Conductive Composites

R. C. Thiagarajan
ATOA Scientific Technologies Private Limited, Bangalore, India

Conductive Composites such as carbon fiber reinforced composites are increasingly used in safety critical aerospace applications. The catastrophic macro structural failure of composite structures initiates from a micro level failure event such as fiber breaks. The ability to detect damage early on can improve the safety level and reliability of composite structures. A multilevel self-sensing ...

Modeling and Simulation of MEMS Based 3D Vibrating Gyroscope for Mobile Robotics Applications

M. Ramya, R. P. S. Valli, R. Vidya, G. Anju, and M. Alagappan
PSG College of Technology
Tamil Nadu, India

In this study, a biomimetic vibrating 3D MEMS Gyroscope is designed, consisting of two circular diaphragms with a club shaped structure placed over one of them. This MEMS based vibrating gyroscope was modeled and simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics 4.1 - MEMS module. The purpose of the research was to develop an effective gyroscope for guidance and control of mobile robots. The simulated ...

Voltage and Capacitance analysis of EWOD system using COMSOL

D. Das[1], S. Sohail[1], S. Das[2], and K. Biswas[1]
[1]Electrical Engineering Department, IIT Kharagpur, India
[2]School of Medical Science and Technology, IIT Kharagpur, India

Electrowetting on Dielectrics (EWOD)systems is widely practiced digital microfluidic technique, used in Lab-on-a-Chip (LoC) system for biomedical application. In EWOD, with applied potential, the droplet minimizes its surface energy by transiting towards the actuated electrode. The problems with EWOD device for biological sample are that it will damage the cells if applied voltage across it ...

Determination of Fundamental Frequency of a Thin Rectangular Perforated Plate using COMSOL Multiphysics

S. V. N. B. Prasad, and B. Raghavendra

COMSOL Multiphysics 4.0 is being used to simulate the free vibrations of a plate. The results obtained by simulation in COMSOL are in close proximity to that found by Fast Fourier Transform analyzer and analytical method. As of now the vibration analysis of thin rectangular plates with perforations in rectangular pattern has been carried out. The study of vibration analysis of thin rectangular ...

A Wide Range MEMS Vacuum Gauge Based on Knudsen’s Forces

V. Sista, and E. Bhattarchaya
Microelectronics and MEMS Lab
Department of Electrical Engineering
Indian Institute of technology Madras
Chennai, India

A MEMS based Knudsen’s pressure gauge working in the range of 1e-5 mbar to 10 mbar is designed and simulated in COMSOL. The working principle is based on Knudsen’s forces that arise when two plates are held at different temperatures and their separation is comparable to the mean free path of the ambient gas molecules. The forces change the separation between the plates and capacitance between ...

Electrowetting-On-Dielectric Induced Droplet Actuation in M x N Array of Electrode

S. Sohail[1], D. Das[1], S. Das[2], and K. Biswas[1]
[1]Electrical Engineering Department, IIT Kharagpur
[2]School of Medical Science and Technology, IIT Kharagpur

Digital microfluidic system based on EWOD (electrowetting-on-dielectric) technology can perform different fluidic operations on the same electrode array by simply modifying control software. One of the major challenges in EWOD device is to address each electrode individually in M x N array of electrode using simple fabrication architecture without compromising in system performance. The ...

Design and Finite Element Analysis of Electrothermal Compliant Microactuators

A. R. Kalaiarasi, and S. H. Thilagar
Annauniversity Chennai
TamilNadu, India

Electrothermal actuators are capable of providing larger displacements compared to electrostatic actuators. Four designs for ETC actuators with the same material properties and same dimensions are studied.

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