Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Failure Modes of Underground MV Cables: Electrical and Thermal Modelling

P.A. Wallace[1], M. Alsharif[1], D.M. Hepburn[1], and C. Zhou[1]
[1]Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Two simulations of the performance of a Paper Insulated Lead Covered (PILC) Medium Voltage (MV) underground cable are presented. The first presents the thermal response of a cable, over seven days, to a realistic load with a diurnal variation. The second concentrates on the variation of the electric field stress within the cable over a single AC cycle. The effects of a void defect within the ...

A Study of Optical Sensor Based on Fiber Bragg Grating Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

C. Gavrila[1] and I. Lancranjan[2]

[1]Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
[2]Advanced Study Centre, National Institute for Aerospace Research “Elie Carafoli”, Bucharest, Romania

Fiber optic sensors can measure a large range of physical, chemical and environmental variables such as temperature, pressure, shape, position, chemical concentration, moisture, etc. Fiber optic sensors provide measurements in applications where the conventional electrical based sensors cannot be used, due to measurement requirements such as extreme temperature, small size, high sensor count, or ...

Modelling of Heat and Mass Transfer in Food Products

[1]M.B. Andreasen

[1]Danish Technological Institute, Aarhus C, Denmark

The use of the finite element method for understanding and analyzing the freezing and drying processes of food products is in focus in this paper. The objective of this study is to develop a model that can predict temperature distribution and weight loss of food products during the freezing and drying processes. The problem was solved by utilizing heat, mass transfer and moving mesh model. In ...

Dynamic Crack Propagation in Fiber Reinforced Composites

C. Caruso[1], P. Lonetti[1], and A. Manna[1]

[1]Department of Structural Engineering, University of Calabria, Arcavacata di Rende, CS, Italy

A generalized model to predict dynamic crack propagation in fiber composite structures is proposed. The proposed approach is based on a generalized formulation based on the Fracture Mechanics approach and Moving mesh methodology. Consistently to the Fracture Mechanics, the crack propagation depends from the energy release rate and its mode components, which are calculated by means of the ...

The Full-System Approach for Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication

N. Fillot[1], T. Doki-Thonon[1], and W. Habchi[2]
[1]CNRS, INSA, Université de Lyon, Lyon, France
[2]Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, Lebanese American University, Byblos, Lebanon

A ball is in contact with a plane, and a lubricant separates the two surfaces to decrease friction during their relative motion. To avoid wear, the lubricant film thickness should be higher than the surface roughness. The goal of this paper is to show how it is possible to solve efficiently the problem of elastohydrodynamics lubrication with COMSOL Multiphysics®, using a PDE (Partial ...

Multiphase, Dual Polymer Injection Molding and Cooling of an Open Cavity to Form both Distinct and Graduated Material Properties within a Complex Three-Dimensional Body

M.S. Yeoman[1]
[1]Continuum Blue Ltd, Forest Row, United Kingdom

With the advancement of medical devices and implants, many now require more advanced nonlinear, hyper-elastic materials such as elastomers to be extensively utilized in the body. This combined with the need to allow for considerably different, varying and graduated material responses within the three-dimensional device, poses a difficult challenge to manufacturing an elastomeric implant in a ...

Safe Storage Parameters During CO2 Injection Using Coupled Reservoir-Geomechanical Analysis

T.I. Bjørnarå[1], E. Aker[1], and E. Skurtveit[1]
[1]NGI, Oslo, Norway

Safe short term storage of CO2 depends mainly on structural and solubility trapping. On longer term, mineral trapping is also contributing to the trapping of CO2. To be able to investigate the importance of these different storage mechanisms, a finite element model for simulation of CO2 injection has been developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The model describes and solves for two-phase flow ...

Finite Element Modeling for the Mechanical Behavior of Silicon Diaphragms Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

J. Ren[1], M. Ward[1], Peter Kinnell[2], and Russell Cradock[2]

[1]School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
[2]GE Druck Limited, Fir Tree Lane, Leicester, United Kingdom

The silicon diaphragm is one of the most common structures in Micro-Electromechanical Systems (MEMS). However, it is susceptible to creep deformation at elevated temperatures. This paper presents a transient finite element model which simulates the mechanical behavior of the micromachined silicon diaphragms at the temperature of 900 °C. The constitutive equations proposed by Alexander and ...

Helium Two-Phase Flow in a Thermosiphon Open Loop

B. Baudouy[1] and F. Visentin[1]
[1]CEA, Irfu, SACM, Gif-sur-Yvette, France

The construction of high magnetic field superconducting coils requires the use of low temperature superconductors that must be cooled down to liquid helium temperature (4.2 K). Natural two-phase convection loops, i.e. thermosiphon loop, are used as cooling system for large superconducting magnets mainly because of its passive nature. The study present a thermohydraulics model realized with COMSOL ...

Modeling of Viscous Fingering

E. Holzbecher[1]

[1]Georg-August University, Göttingen, Germany

Viscous fingering is a topic of interest since the beginning of computational fluid dynamics. Here we focus on the classical constellation of miscible displacement, as it has been investigated in Hele-Shaw cells. A temperature or salinity front is entering with a fluid that has a different viscosity. The pure 1D flow is destabilized by the Saffman-Taylor instability. Using COMSOL Multiphysics® ...

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